在今天的大学英语四级口语考试当中， 考到了关于预算的话题，问及saving money的好处和重要性。 毋庸置疑，在当今生活成本高昂的时代，合理地进行预算是很有必要的。考生可以结合自己的学生身份和自己的亲身体验，或者是自己目睹到的自己家庭的情况来进行论述。
Describe the importance of having a budget.
Planning a monthly budget is an extremely important exercise for students nowadays. Being rational to spend money will pay sooner or later. To build a list of monthly expenses is the first step. You have to know the difference between the fixed and variable expenses. It’s up to you how detailed this budget will be. In daily life, there are multiple things needing money, such as dating, tuition fees, haircuts, gifts, laundry, newspaper or magazines. At first, you may be at a loss, but if you stick on , eventually you will benefit from doing so. Overall, it’s good for us to develop into this habit. In the end, you will have certain amount of money at hand to meet the future requirement. In this sense, saving money is definitely significant.
In my personal view, there is no need stating all the facts and materials in the powerpoint. Besides, you have to add some new ideas during the presentation. Remember that the audience will be tired listening to you read all the stuff in the powerpoint. Since there is no necessity of a presenter, if you read according to the powerpoint. What the audience have to do is just copy your powerpoint and then just go home and study by themselves. Literally, the stuff in the power point should be brief and short. And the presenter should give the audience his or her personal understanding of the text in order that the audiencewill more easily get across the material you are presenting.
1.total working hour
2.core working hour
3.your daily flexible working hour assignment
A:Hi, time is so important, how do you think of the flexible working hour assignment?
B: The flexible working hour assignment, in my mind, is an effective way to present our competence and responsibility without the control of the fixed working time .
A: We need to work hard and effectively. The flexible working hour policy or assignment will bring convenience to our work.
B: As for me, making plans of our daily work is one of the most significant and effective ways to increase the efficiency. Companies need to make a clear regulation about the total working hour and the core working hour to maintain the workload and efficiency.
A:I also think so, the regulation about the total working hour is necessary to ensure the workload, and the core working hour can ensure the quality of employees’ work.
B:The flexible working hour can offer employees a better work and life balance.
A:Yes, allowing workers to choose their hours helps them to make a happy environment and improve the productivity. So the details of the arrangement on working hours and total working hours will be the most important parts that employers need to take into account.
B: What’s more, with the details, the employees can be able to communicate their needs while providing their employer with a plan to get the work done, it is a win-win.
With the development of society, more and more companies are adopting
flexible working time. In my point of view, this is good for the families and society. Firstly, many working mothers may need flexible time to send their kids to schools in the morning. Secondly, flexible working time can reduce the traffic jams on roads during rush hours. Thirdly, people have different working efficiency at different time. Flexible working time allows employees to choose to work at the time periods when they are most efficient. However, companies should also set core working time when every member of the company should be present, because there must be time for meetings or other events.
A: Hi, Cindy, long time no see. How is everything going?
B: Not so good.
A: What happened?
B: You know the final exam is coming and I’m preparing a presentation, but I’m not sure what should be presented in my PPT.
A: From my point of view, you may firstly state the topic of your presentation in the PPT.
B: You’re right. I choose the topic of traveling during the holidays.
A: Then you can illustrate your major points including where you want to visit, how to get to these places of interest, and whom you may want to with, etc.
B: Yeah, I can also introduce my travel budget...
A: Eh, I think you’d better confirm your PPT with the professor. She may give you more useful advice!
B: Good idea! Thank you very much!
个人陈述部分（ Individual Presentation）的主题为《年轻人喜欢喝软饮料的原因》，在这一部分，考生被要求在一分钟内就这一主题展开。准备时间为45秒，考生需要在这一部分的呈现上尽量做到流利不重复，且内容完整。那么接下来，我们来看一下就《年轻人喜欢喝软饮料的原因》这一主题展开的一些常用的表述：
Soft drinks are called "soft" in contrast to "hard drinks" which usually contain alcohol. The taste of Soft drink is so great that teenagers like it, especially in summer or in the environment of high temperature. What’s more, in some parties, soft drink is the most choice for young people because of its limited influence in people’s security in both physical and mental health. In addition to this, youngsters choose soft drink as their daily drink for its convenience, especially during the travels or some trips.
关于软饮料的小组讨论，题目要求从以下3个方面说起，1.软饮料的危害 2.政府怎么规范软饮料的销售 3.商家如何提高软饮料的健康指数。准备时间1分钟，讨论时间3分钟，下面是文都教育的老师给大家提供的小组讨论范例供大家参考。
A: Hi Peter. What do you think of soft drinks?
B: I think soft drinks are bad for our health. They contain too much sugar and chemicals, so they can result in health problems like obesity, and diabetes. I seldom drink them.
A: Yeah, me either. And researches also show that they can affect our sleep and result in cancer. But many of my friends like to drink soft drinks. Some of them are even crazy about soft drinks.
B: I think government should take some measures to regulate the sales of soft drinks. For example, they should set strict standards for soft drinks and supervise the quality of soft drinks sternly.
A: I can’t agree with you more. Health is basis for every society. Therefore, government definitely should attach importance to this issue. Apart from what you have mentioned, government should also supervise the shops selling soft drinks to make sure that soft drinks are stored in good condition in shops.
B: What’s more, factories producing soft drinks are supposed to develop new drinks that are much healthier rather than only be profit-oriented.
A: Right, people nowadays are paying more and more attention to health. By improving the quality of soft drinks factories will also increase their profits.
Hey, have you any idea about our lecture? And what about the main points and how do we support our ideas? Lastly, what methods should we use to present our lecture?
As for the main idea of our lecture, it is mainly about the pathetic love story taking place in the colonial America. And to support our idea, we should take into account the background then . At that time, Puritanism was prevalent, especially in colonial America. And the doctrines of Puritanism are original sin and atonement. The heroin’s marriage is without love and she fell in love with the priest. Consequently, she gave birth to baby. Even though she had committed the adultery, in the eyes of others, she was unforgivable; she followed her inner heart voice. At last, we should focus on explaining the character and history background so that the readers can have a better understanding of the main idea.
The importance of communication skills
It’s important to master some communication skills. Good communication skills are necessary in all walks of life. The lack of effective communication skills have a negative impact on the personal as well as professional life of a person.
Firstly, appropriate communication skills can help you get along well with your parents and family members. Family plays a critical role in our life. Effective communication with your family members benefits you a lot. What’s more, skilled communicating helps you to solve many problems encountered in your work and life and improves your working efficiency. Good communication skills also allow you to leave better impression on others. Above all, excellent communication skills contribute a lot in your interpersonal relationships. It’s of great importance in our social life, so learning better communication skills is becoming one of the basic skills nowadays.
Pair work （小组讨论）的主题为Language，在这一部分，准备时间为1分钟，考生需要在三分钟内围绕着语言学习展开，这一部分的呈现上尽量做到流利不重复，且内容完整。那么接下来，我们来看一下就Language这一主题展开的一些常用的表述：
1. hiring teachers
2. teaching materials
3. finding suitable place
A:Hi, language is so important that we need to take it seriously, especially nowadays. English is one of my favorite subjects. Speaking or writing English well and frequently will definitely change our life.
B:Yes, we need language to communicate with each other and express our emotion. So do you have some suggestions about language learning? I am so eager to learn language well.
A:As for me, language learning is not simple. As a result, sometimes, we need to hire teachers to guide us in pronunciation and grammar. What’s more, some interesting foreign TV series also make contribution to our language learning.
B: Well, in my mind, good teaching materials can help us learn and grasp the knowledge of language easily in class, such as, word cards.
A:Yes, different kinds of teaching materials will bring more convenience in language learning. And I also believe that a good and suitable learning environment can contribute to our understanding about culture of the language.
B: Culture is colorful, and I like to learn different culture and colorful history of language. If you want to learn more knowledge about culture, please come to our English corner and join us.
A: Thank you for your invitation, let’s learn language together.
个人陈述：the future of the Chinese language in a globalized world——汉语的未来，要求准备45秒，陈述1分钟
In recent years, a great number of foreigners have come to China to learn Chinese. What’s more, over one hundred countries in the world have set Chinese language classes. Foreigners’ main purpose of learning Chinese is to travel in China, do business or learn about China and Chinese culture. Chinese people have always been peace loving and friendly. I believe In a globalized world, as the communication between Chinese and people around the world increases, more and more foreigners will be interested in Chinese culture and will learn Chinese language.
The most effective method to fight against poverty
As for a country, to fight against poverty, the government always tries every effort to develop its economy even at the cost of environment. But the pollution brought by economic growth will in turn cost much more to manage. It’s been proved that treatment after pollution isn’t sustainable. The most effective way to prosperity is to conduct comprehensive, coordinated and sustainable development.
While it also works for personal development. I believe no one hates money of course. But as the saying goes a gentleman makes money in a right way. It’s true that knowledge can change your fate. I hold that earnest, diligence, and insistence will one day lead you to success.
It seems that poverty is not that obvious around us. But it does not mean that poverty has vanished in our society. In some rural areas, poverty has hindered the development of the local economy and society. Therefore, we should endeavor our best to fight against the poverty. There are many ways to help those in need. For instance, we can serve as a volunteer to teach in the remote areas. Since education can relieve the poverty and can arm the local people with certain living skills in modern society. secondly, we can donate money. things that we are affluent in, and so on. The most important, in my personal opinion, we should change the people’s concept and ideas in poverty-stricken areas. Only by moving forward the first step can the overall situation be improved.
A: Hi, Cindy, long time no see. How is everything going?
B: Yeah, it’s OK. I’m doing some research on the reasons why you choose your major.
A: That’s a interesting topic!
B: Really? Then could you talk about your reasons to choose English as your major?
A: Of course. I like English very much. I think it’s wonderful to understand a foreign language.
B: Yeah, I guess you like Hollywood movies?
A: Yes, very much. And I hope one day I can go abroad to experience their culture and life. And I dream of becoming a interpreter in the future. It’s my great honor to company our leaders to be sent on a diplomatic mission.
B: Excellent! And you can earn much money, ha!
Pair work （小组讨论）这一部分，准备时间为1分钟，考生需要在三分钟内围绕着健康展开，这一部分的呈现上尽量做到流利不重复，且内容完整。那么接下来，我们来看一下就健康这一主题展开的一些常用的表述：
1. rational diet
2. sufficient rest and proper exercise
3. optimistic attitude
A: Hello! good health is more important than wealth and it has been the most heated topic among us. I’ve heard a lot of news about problems of health. How do you think of health?
B: Health is quite important, and without it, we can’t achieve anything. As for me, keeping health will be an easy but difficult thing. Do you have any suggestions about keeping health?
A: Yes, in order to keep health both in physical and mental parts, rational diet is necessary. Some people always have little food to lose weight, which is harmful for their health. What’s more, I also believe that sufficient rest and proper exercise can support our daily activities.
B: Yeah, sufficient rest, especially the enough rest and sleep, will make us energetic. I also like taking some exercise to keep a better appearance and health.
A: Taking exercise and having sufficient rest can be good ways, in my mind, we also need to learn some effective measures to keep a good mood.
B: Yes, I can’t agree more. Have a good mood or optimistic attitude can lead us to higher efficiency. While, bad mood can make us passive and do things with reluctance.
A: So, we need to keep health. Without it, we will fail to make achievement. Let’s us take some effective measures. Would you like to play basketball with me?
B: OK, let’s go.
老龄化问题是世界上许多国家包括我国的一大问题，个人陈述：Ways to cope with an aging society，要求准备45秒，陈述1分钟
Nowadays, many countries are faced with the problem of an aging society. Here are a few suggestions to cope with it. Firstly, society should admit the aging group’s contributions to the society, and offer decent retirement pensions or subsidies to them. Secondly, setting up activity centers in communities is a good way for not only old people but also young people to keep healthy. Thirdly, for those seniors who have skills and would like to continue working in the job market, society should provide support to prolong their retiring age or rehire them.
The higher education can help people develop strong self-esteem, motivate individuals to strive for higher goals. People receiving higher education can live and work with more enthusiasm, purpose and dedication, foster greater creativity, innovation and efficiency. Ambitious people are more likely to give full play to their potentials. Universities aim to equip students with the knowledge and skills necessary to be competitive in an increasingly knowledge-based economy, improve labour force productivity and competitiveness, contribute to the growth of the knowledge-based economy.
Pair work （小组讨论）的主题为旅游，在这一部分，准备时间为1分钟，考生需要在三分钟内围绕着旅行展开，这一部分的呈现上尽量做到流利不重复，且内容完整。有关旅游的话题、旅游的方式，最爱去的地方以及旅游的益处是经常考的问题。
1. Where to go and how to go
2. what to take
3. what to do
A: Do you love traveling? Summer holiday is coming, would you like to travel with me?
B: Yes, I like traveling, and I’d like to travel with you. Do you like Hong Kong? How about visiting Hong Kong ?
A: Good idea. It is one of my most desirable places to visit. But it is too far away from our home. How can we get there?
B: How about by high-speed rail. High-speed rail is fast and convenient. What’s more, we can appreciate the beautiful scenery during our trip.
A: OK, tonight I will book the train tickets of us and prepare something we need to take. Do you have some suggestions?
B: let’s me see, we should take some medicine for colds and some summer clothes. Are you looking forward to the trip?
A: Of course, I believe that traveling is always educational. The people you meet along the way are from all walks of life. You can always learn a lot from them.
B: Yes, I also expect this travel. Traveling can enable me to release stress from study and work and temporarily get rid of some annoying daily routine.
A: OK, now, let’s go to have some snack , then prepare those things.
B: OK, let’s go.
How to educate your child?
It’s been a hot topic on how to educate your child. Firstly, you should treat your child equally. The child will feel being respected, and he or she would like to make friends with you. In this way, you can better understand your child. The tiger parents in China may lead the children to lie because they’re afraid of telling the truth. There’re still many spoiled children, because their parents do not love them in the right way. These spoiled children may lack independence in the future work and life. Above all, the parents should treat their children equally, and teach them to be independent.