News Report One
New York State plans to shut off the thundering waters of Niagara Falls—again. At least, the American side of the falls. This “once in a lifetime” event actually may take place twice in some folks ’lives. The New York State parks system wants to turn off the falls on the American side sometime in the next two to three years  to replace two 115-year-old stone bridges that allow pedestrians, park vehicles and utilities access to Goat Island.
The American side of the falls were shut off in 1969 to study the build up of rock at the base of the falls. When that happened, people came from all over the world to see the falls turned off. People are curious by nature. They want to see what’s underneath. In fact, those who first came to have a look did see something.  They found millions of coins on the bottom.
【听前预测】预览两道题各选项，由选项中出现的tourists，stone bridges，Goat Island和boats and ships等词可以推测，新闻内容与某个旅游景点有关，且该景点涉及水。
1. Why does New York State want to turn off Niagara Falls?
2. What did people find when Niagara Falls were shut off in1969?
News Report Two
The Tunisian government said Monday that 45 people have been killed after gunmen attacked a town near the border with Libya.
The Interior and Defense ministries said that  the Tunisian government has closed its two border crossings with Libya because of the attack.The Tunisian military has sent reinforcements and helicopters to the area, and authorities have been hunting several attackers who were still at large. The violence came amid increasing international concern: about Islamic State extremists in Libya. Officials of the Tunisian government are especially worried after dozens of tourists were killed in the attacks in Tunisia last year.
Defense Minister Farhat Horchani said last week that  German and American security experts were expected to come to help Tunisia devise a new electronic video supervision system on its border with Libya. Tunisia was targeted last year by three attacks that left 70 people dead and were claimed by Islamic State.
【听前预测】预览两道题各选项，由选项中出现的Libya，Tunisia，border crossings，terrorist attack和security等词可以推测，新闻内容与突尼斯和利比亚边境发生的恐怖袭击有关。
3. What did the Tunisian government do after the gunmen’s attack?
【干扰项排除】A项"中止与利比亚的外交关系"在录音并未提及，应排除；B项"敦促游客立即撤离突尼斯"及D项"发动对伊斯兰国的猛烈攻击"是利用新闻原词tourists, Islamic State捏造的干扰选项，均与录音不符。
4. What were German and American security experts expected to do in Tunisia?
News Report Three
Three university students in Santiago, Chile, have developed a plant-powered device to charge their mobile phones.
 The three engineering students got the idea for the device while sitting in their schools courtyard. Their invention is a small biological circuit they call E-Kaia.  It captures the energy which plants produce during photosynthesis— a process of converting sunlight into energy. A plant uses only a small part of the energy produced by that process. The rest goes into the soil. E-Kaia collects that energy. The device plugs into the ground and then into a mobile phone. The E-Kaia solved two problems for the engineering students. They needed an idea for a class project. They also needed an outlet to plug in their phones.
One of the student inventors, Camila Rupcich, says the device changes the energy released from the plant into low-level power to charge phones. The E-Kaia is able to fully recharge a mobile phone in less than two hours.
5. What did the three university students invent?
6. When did they get the idea for the invention?
7. What does the speaker say about the invention?
M: Good morning. What can I do for you?
W: Good morning. Could I talk to Jeffry Harding please?
W: Hello, Jeff. It’s Helen. I got your message on the answering machine. What’s the problem?
M: Oh, Helen. Well, it’s the Grimsby plant again, I’m afraid. The robots on Line 3 have gone wrong. And the line is at a standstill.
W: Can't you replace them with the stand-ins?
M: I’m afraid not. The stand-ins are already in use on line 6. And the ones from Line 6 are being serviced.
W: When did this happen, Jeff?
M: Well, they’ve been making a low continuous sound for a day or two. But they finally went dead at 2:30 this afternoon.
W: I see. What did you do? Have you tried the whole plant?
M: Not yet, Helen. I thought I’d better get your OK first.
W: OK. Get on the phone to Tom, and try to get their stand-ins over tonight. We have to be back at full capacity tomorrow morning. Is it a major job to repair our robots?
M: About a week. That’s what the maintenance engineer says.
W: Right. Well, if you can get the ones from Hall, please ask Tom to inform Sheffield that he may need their stand-ins in case of emergency during the next week.
M: OK. Thank you very much, Helen.
W: You are most welcome.
M:  Sorry to spoil your day off.
W: It doesn’t matter.
8. Whatdidthemandobeforethetelephone conversation?
9. Whatdoesthemansayaboutline3inthe Grimsbyplant?
[C]【解析】题目问关于Grimsby丁.厂的3号生产线，男士说了什么。录音中，男士提到，3号生产线的机器人发出低沉连续的声音已经有一两天了，在今天下午2:30的时候，这些机器人不运转了(went dead),C项的stoppedworkingcompletely是录音中wentdead的同义改写，故C为答案，【干扰项排除】①四个选项都是以It作为主语，结合关键productionline, assembles, stopped working可预测本题可能跟生产线有关。②A"它是最先进的生产线"中的themost modern录音并未提及；B"它组装超级智能机器人"在录音中并无依据，可排除。D"它很快会被更新"中的upgraded在录音中并未提及，可排除。
10. What is the man’s purpose in calling the woman?
[A] 【解析】题目问男士打电话给女士的目的。录音中，男士提到，他认为自己应该先得到女士的许可（I thought I’d betterget your OK first），由此可知，男士打电话的目的是寻求女士的许可（to seek her permission），故A为答案。
11. Where is the woman at the time of the conversation?
【干扰项排除】①四个选项都是女士的相关情况，结合出题顺序规律，因此应留意结尾处提及的女士的情况。四A项的"on duty"上班。与录音的day off"休假"刚好相反，可排除、录音中只提到女士在休假，并未提及是sick leave"病假"，排除C。D项"她在国外出差"无录音依据，也排除。
W: This is Kerry Burke from New York Daily News. I’m speaking to Delroy Simmonds, an unemployed Brooklyn man who missed a job interview Tuesday for the best of reasons:  He was saving the life of a 9-month-old boy who was blown into the path of an oncoming subway train by a high wind.
M: Everybody is making me out to be some sort of superhero. I’m just an ordinary person, and a father of two. Anybody in that situation would have done what I did.
W: You were going to an interview, when the incident occurred, right?
M: Yes. I was on my way to apply for a maintenance position. [l3] I’ve been looking for a job for a year and more.I’m looking for something to support my family.
W: Tell us what happened at the station.
M: [l4] There was a strong wind. It had to be 30 to 40 miles an hour.Therewas a womanwith fourkids. One was in a pushchair. The wind blew the baby ontothe tracks.
W: Witnesses said people were looking on in horror  as the child’s mother, identified by sources as Maria Zamara, stood frozen in shock. In the distance, people could see the train rounding a bend, headed into the station. I guess you were not aware of any of these, right?
M: No. I just jumped down and grabbed the baby. The train was coming around the comer as I lifted the baby from the tracks. I really wasn’t thinking.
W: What an amazing story. Thank you very much.
12. What did Kerry Burke from New York Daily News say about the man?
【干扰项排除】①四个选项的主语都是He，因此可推断本题问男士的情况。②B"他想成为一位超级英雄"与录音男士提到的"我只是一位普通人" (I’m just an ordinary person)不符，可排除。C的train crash"火车相撞"在录音中并未提到，可排除。男士是施救者，不是目击者(witness)，因此D也不正确。
13. What do we learn about the man from the conversation?
14. What caused the incident?
15. How did the mother react when the incident occurred?
[A]【解析】题目问事故发生时，母亲有何反应。录音提到，事故发生时，男孩的母亲惊吓得站在那里一动不动 (stood frozen in shock), A 项中的 motionless是录音frozen的同义表达，故选A.
【干扰项排除】①四个选项都以She作主语，结合选项关键词cried Bitterly, called the police, shouted for help可推断本题可能与某位女士在发生某事后的反应有关。②B项"她痛苦大哭"、C项"她马上报警"和D"她呼喊人们帮助她"在录音中均未提及，可排除。
There’s one sound that gets a big reaction from kids on a hot day, the sound of an ice-cream truck. Maria McCartney has been in the mobile ice-cream business since 2005.
 “When I was a little girl, I saw an ice-cream truck and knew I wanted to have one someday,” McCartney said.
During the hot days of summer, Maria and her daughter drive an ice-cream truck through neighborhoods and parks in Billings. It’s not about making money for this former elementary school teacher. Rather,  she wants to preserve the tradition of the neighborhood ice-cream truck.
“Truly my favorite part is to see the kids jumping up and down and they just get so excited. It’s great to build a memory for them too. There’s not a lot f these ice-cream trucks around anymore. The parents come out bare foot and screaming, ready to buy ice-cream; they remember when they were kids and they saw a truck she said. While the treats may be ice cold, Maria has a warm heart for little faces.  Her truck features a donation bucket for kids who don’t have money for ice-cream.
“When there are three kids and only two of them have money, I always make sure the third one gets something because I can’t drive away and have that third one not have something,” she said.
16. What does the speaker say about Maria McCartney?
【干扰项排除】①选项都是以She为主语，结合ice-cream business, ice-cream truck等关键词可推测本题可能与某女士的冰激凌生意或冰激凌卡车有关。②A项"她继承了家族在比林斯的冰激凌生意"和C项"她创业做冰激凌生意是为了供女儿读书"在录音中均来提及，可排除。录音并未将她对冰激凌生意和对在小学教书的爱作对比，故也排除B,，
17. Why does Mania go into the mobile ice-cream business?
[A]【解析】题目问Maria进人流动冰激凌行业的原因，录音中段提到，Maria进入流动冰激凌行业是想保留街区冰激凌卡车的传统（preserve the tradition），并非为了赚钱，A与录音相符。
18. Why does Manta put a donation bucket in her truck?
We know we have to pay for what we get. If we buy food, we have to pay for it. If a doctor treats us, we know there will be a bill to pay. These are private bills. But there are also public bills to be paid. They are paid by the government. In turn we get the needed services.
We pay for these services through taxes. What would happen if everyone stopped paying taxes? The water supply would stop; the streets might not be cleaned; schools would be closed. We would not want to live in such a city.  The chief duty of every government is to protect persons and property. More than three-fourths of government expenses are used for this purpose. The next largest amount of public money goes to teach and train our citizens. Billions of dollars each year are spent on schools and libraries. Also, a large amount of public funds is spent on roads. Most of the needed funds is raised by taxes. The law orders us to pay taxes. We have no choice in the matter.
 Years ago the government made money by selling public lands. But most of the best public lands have now been sold. There are still some public lands that contain oil, coal and other natural resources. They could be sold, but we want to save them for future years. So, we all must pay our share for the services that make our lives comfortable.
19. What does the speaker mainly talk about?
20. What is most of the government money used for?
[C]【解析】题目问政府大部分的钱用于什么地方。录音中段提到，政府的主要职责是保护人民和财产，政府超过3/4的钱用于此目的。C项"保护人民生命和财产"与录音相符。题干中的most与录音中More than three-fourths一致.
【干扰项排除】A项"教育和培训市民"，录音提到，耗费公共资金第二多（The next largest amount）的是教育和培训市民，但是考虑到"保护人民生命和财产"占了3/4，因此用于"教育和培训市民"的资金属于其余1/4公共资金的部分，与题目的most不符，可排除。B项"改善交通"和D项"兴建医院和公共图书馆"均未耗费政府大部分紫金，故也排除。
21. How did the government raise money to pay publicbills in the past?
 Did you know that, besides larger places like France and Germany, Europe is home to several extremely tiny countries?One of these countries contains less than a square mile of land. Another is surrounded on all sides by Italy. Yet each is an independent land, with its own government, trade, and customs.
One of the best known of these small countries is Monaco.  It is situated on the Mediterranean Sea and surrounded by France on three sides. Monaco became familiar to Americans when Prince Rainier, married the American actress Grace Kelly. Rainier’s family has ruled Monaco almost continuously since 1297. The land has been independent for overthree hundred years.
Andorra,with an area of some 200 square miles, is considerably larger than Monaco. This country is located in the Pyrenees Mountains, with France on one side and Spainon the other. Potatoes and tobacco are grown in Andorra's steep mountain valleys.  One of the products it exports is clothing. Andorra is also knownfor its excellent skiing locations.
Withinthe Alps in Central Europe is Liechtenstein, a tiny country of about 30,000 people who speak mostly German. Liechtenstein uses the same money as itsneighbor Switzerland, but it has been an independent country since the 1860s.Taxes are low; so many businesses have their headquarters here. The countrymakes and exports a lot of machinery.
Other small, independent states in Europe are San Marino and Luxembourg. Each ofthese has unique qualities as well.
22. What does the speaker say about Monaco?
23. Why did Monaco become familiar to Americansaccording to the speaker?
25. What does the speaker mainly talk about?