天学网2016年高考英语听力分析报告(新课标1卷)

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2016年高考英语听力(新课标1卷)同往年相比变化不大,全面考查了学生在语境中理解和获取信息的能力。材料语言地道,信息点丰富,题目设置比较灵活。



基本情况


2016年高考英语听力(新课标1卷)的材料围绕日常生活的话题展开,请见下表:


PASSAGE

TOPIC

PASSAGE

TOPIC

Text 1

给Lydia买生日礼物

Text 6

暑期打工

Text 2

请求对方帮忙拍照

Text 7

学业近况及毕业打算

Text 3

抱怨Kate工作时间打私人电话

Text 8

更改酒店订单

Text 4

在餐馆点饮料

Text 9

周末安排

Text 5

是否可以开窗户

Text 10

美国大学生求职就业状况


本套试卷的听力主播是Kris & Laura,与去年一致;速度为150~155 wpm;总字数约为871字;设题方面,依然以事实细节题为主,整体上有9个左右的灵活题。



试题特点


1. 信息点密集,尤其体现在数字题。


如第11、12、13、14、19题。



Text 8

...

M: Certainly. Do you have the reservation number?

W: Sure, it’s 219.

M: That’s a reservation for Sally Menkel. Is that right?

W: Yes, that’s right. I’d like to change the check-in date from September 15 to September 16. 

M: Certainly. I can make that change for you. Is that the only change?

W: No, the check-out date will also change from the 23rd to the 24th.

M: No problem. We have you arriving on the 16th of September and leaving the 24th of September — altogether, eight nights. Will there be anything else?

W: Yes. Instead of a courtyard room, I’d like a room with a view, preferably on an upper floor. 

M: I can certainly change that for you, but there will be a change in the room rate. The new rate is $199 per night, instead of the original $179. 

...



11. When will the woman arrive at the hotel?

A. On September 15.

B. On September 16.

C. On September 23.


12. How much will the woman pay for her room per night?

A. $179.

B. $199.

C. $219.



Text 10

...A latest study on the college job market showed that employers wanted to hire 22% fewer graduates this year than last. The study also showed that just 20% of those who looked for jobs before graduation have found one by now. This is compared to half of students who had looked for a job by this time two years ago.... 



19. What percentage of student job seekers have found a job by now?

A. 20%

B. 22%.

C. 50%.


这三道题的选项均来自于材料,而且形成了密集干扰,考生需要边听边记笔记,辨别不同数字所对应的信息。



Text 9

W: Gordon, I’m going to Keswick in the Lake District this weekend.

M: Really?

W: Yeah, five of us. Why don’t you join us? We’re getting to Keswick on Friday. Then we’re going boating on Saturday. And on Sunday, we’re going to do some shopping. Then I will take some time to visit my aunt Lucy.

M: You’re not going to camp, are you? Isn’t it a bit cold?

W: No, we’re not. It is a bit cold. We’re staying in a country inn. It’s not like five-star hotels or anything. But it’s really comfortable.

... 



13. What is the woman’s plan for Saturday?

A. Going shopping.

B. Going camping.

C. Going boating.


14. Where will the woman stay in Keswick?

A. In a country inn.

B. In a five-star hotel.

C. In her aunt’s home.


第13题问的是女士周六的计划,而材料中给出了她在不同时间的各种活动安排:going boating on Saturday,to do some shopping on Sunday,not going to camp,干扰项在文中接连出现。


第14题问的是女士在Keswick期间住在哪里,文中直接给出的地点有a country inn,five-star hotels,以及通过visit my aunt Lucy间接地提到了her aunt’s home,信息点密集。



2. 干扰项设置巧妙。


如第4、15题。



Text 4

M: Here’s the menu, Madame. Would you like something to drink?

W: Yes, please. May I see the wine list?

M: Certainly. Here you are.



4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a wine shop.

B. In a supermarket.

C. In a restaurant.


第4题干扰项A来自材料中女士所说“May I see the wine list?”的语音干扰。



Text 9

...

W: Well, what are you up to?

M: Sit on my sofa all weekend and watch the DVDs I’ve just bought. And that will be a busy weekend. I may finish watching Friends.



15. What will Gordon do over the weekend?

A. Visit his friends.

B. Watch DVDs.

C. Join the woman. 


此题的干扰项A巧妙地采用了材料中一部电视剧Friends的名字。



3. 推断题考查全面。


试卷中有对行为、地点、人物关系、人物身份的推断,如第2,4,8,17题。



Text 2

M: Excuse me. Do you have time to help take a picture of us?

W: Oh, I’m sorry. I’ve got to catch a bus.

M: That’s OK.



2. What is the woman going to do?

A. Help the man.

B. Take a bus.

C. Get a camera.


第2题为行为推断题。根据材料中女士的话“I’ve got to catch a bus.”可推知女士要去赶公交车,故选B。



Text 4

M: Here’s the menu, Madame. Would you like something to drink?

W: Yes, please. May I see the wine list?

M: Certainly. Here you are.



4. Where does the conversation probably take place?

A. In a wine shop.

B. In a supermarket.

C. In a restaurant.


第4题为地点推断题。根据材料中的关键词menu, drink, wine list 可推知此对话发生在饭店,故选C。



Text 7

M: Hi, Sue. How’s it going?

W: Oh, hi, Frank, just fine. How are your classes?

M: Pretty good. I’m glad this is my last term here, though.

W: Why is that? I thought you were enjoying school.

M: I was. But now I’m getting tired of it. I’m ready for the real world.

W: What are you planning to do when you graduate?

M: First, I want to get a job as a computer programmer, and then after five years or so, I’d like to start my own business.

W: Sounds good. I still have three terms to go until I’m done.

M: You’ll make it for sure. Well, see you later.

W: Bye!



8. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?

A. Schoolmates.

B. Colleagues.

C. Roommates.


第8题为人物关系推断题。根据材料中女士问男士 “How are your classes?”及男士的回答 “I’m glad this is my last term here, though.”可知男士还是一名学生,再根据女士自己说的“I still have three terms to go until I’m done.”可推知两人是校友。



Text 10

Hello. Welcome to the program. In America, May and June are the traditional months for graduations. A listener in China, Wang Ming, who is about to get an engineering degree, wants to know how American college graduates find jobs....



17. Who is Wang Ming?

A. A student.

B. An employer.

C. An engineer. 


第17题为人物身份推断题。根据材料中“Wang Ming, who is about to get an engineering degree”可知Wang Ming是一名学生。 


由此可见,学生在平时的学习中,注意积累相关的情景词汇,对于解答这类推断题是很有帮助的。



4.同义转述在正确选项中的反复使用。


如第7、18题。


7. How will the man use the money?

A. To hire a gardener.

B. To buy books.

C. To pay for a boat trip.


第7题的正确选项B由原文“pay for the textbooks”同义转述而来。


18. What does the speaker say about the college job market this year?

A. It’s unpredictable.

B. It’s quite stable.

C. It’s not optimistic. 


第18题的正确选项C使用了同义转述:“not optimistic”是“not very easily”的转换表达。



5.独白中复合句较多。


如“A listener in China, Wang Ming, who is about to get an engineering degree, wants to know how American college graduates find jobs. Right now, the answer is: not very easily. A latest study on the college job market showed that employers wanted to hire 22% fewer graduates this year than last. The study also showed that just 20% of those who looked for jobs before graduation have found one by now. This is compared to half of students who had looked for a job by this time two years ago. But one difference: fewer of this year’s graduates have started to search for jobs. Engineering graduates were more likely to have started their job search already, and to have accepted a job.”其中不仅有并列句,而且还有定语从句,表语从句,句式复杂。在听这样的材料时,要注意说话者口气的停顿,注意句子的意群。


根据课标对高考听力考查的要求,并结合今年听力试题的特点,我们给出以下建议:


(1)平时多听多练,熟悉常考话题;

(2)选择信息点丰富,选项干扰强的材料;

(3)培养语言灵活转换的能力。

(4)训练并逐步提高对长难句的分析和理解能力。




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