《环球英语》实用英语学习之提高英语听力理解力

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楼主 2018-09-20 13:39:02
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听力理解为什么重要?因为我们在工作、学习的过程中,听力理解的时间占45%,大大超过语言表达(30%),阅读理解(16%)或写作(9%)。


听力理解过程中的挑战因素:

讲话者的状态:比如语速过快,有口音;

现场的状况:谈话背景噪音过大,电话沟通时视觉线索缺乏;

聆听者的情况:词汇有限,不了解谈话话题;

等等


Predicting content 内容预测


当你看到英文电视节目中出现一位身着西装,背后有一块标示着地图的彩色屏幕时, 你会认为这是天气预报Weather Forecast, 然后你就会想,这位男士接下来会说:rain, snow, windy之类的词,还会听到将来时的用法“It will be a sunny day”。这些类似的语境,如超市购物、课堂聊天、邮局寄信等等,都会给我们相应的预测帮助,为我们搜集相关词汇提供范围。


Listening for gist 听要点


我们在聆听会话时都希望能很快掌握大意get the whole picture,按顺序排列所听到的关键词,例如:weekend, dressing, food, fun 各词都有各自的意思,但是按顺序连接起来就可以理解为a party。


Detecting signposts 发现“路标”


交通道路上有信号灯,语言交流中也有“路标”,这些“路标”单词指引我们会话的思路,连接想法,帮助我们理解交流的内容和话题导向。例如我们听一个企业员工的英语年终总结,他会首先说:This year's business mainly includes three aspects of the work. 然后听到:First of all, secondly, in summary.


练习一下:

利用《环球英语》课程教材里的CD以及课本脚本,练习内容预测,听要点和捕捉路标词汇。多听几遍后,再与课本比较。


Listen and read the conversation.

Richard: Look, this is the spare room with a single bed. What do you think of it?

Matt: Hmm, it's a very pleasant room. 

Richard: How long do you plan to live here?

Matt: A year, maybe more.

Richard: That's okay. 

Matt: Is there parking nearby? 

Richard:  Sure. You can park behind the building. There are also some bus stops and a grocery store nearby.

Matt: Ah, that's very convenient. How much is the rent?

Richard:  $780 a month. You have to pay monthly in advance. Gas and electric are extra.  There's a separate meter.

Matt: The rent is expensive. Is there a deposit?

Richard: Yes, first and last plus a $500 security deposit. 

Matt: All right. When could I move in?

Richard: Any time.

Matt: Okay. I'll think it over and tell you my decision tomorrow.

Richard: All right. I'll expect your good news.




各位在学习英语的过程中,有什么好的方法、妙招愿意和大家分享的,都可以来我们的《环球英语》公众号交流。大家帮助大家,学习效果更棒哦!


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