郑州航院学生会2018-01-02 03:29:46




Part I  Writing


Dear Lucy,

I’ve heard you will graduate from your college soon, and you will leave your college in this June. I’m writing to offer my sincere congratulations to you for your achievements in college. How time flies! I still remember the good old times we spent together in high school.

As far as I know, you’ve done very well in college. You’ve earned scholarship almost every academic year. Besides, you played an active part in various kinds of extracurricular activities. All in all, you’re a hero in my eyes. You know, I wasted much time playing computer games. Besides, since you’re leaving college, I hope you can have a bright future in your future job. You’re advised to learn a lot of knowledge related to your job by yourself after work if you want to be a big potato in your profession. Besides, you’re supposed to enlarge your circle of friends, which may help enrich your life experience.

I’m looking forward to your reply and I want to keep updated on how things are going with your life.



                                                      Li Ming



Part II  Listening Comprehension


Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear three news reports. At the end of each news report, you will hear two or three questions. Both the news report and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.


Questions 1 and 2 will be based on the following news item.


At least 12 people were killed and 34 others injured in Bolivia when a passenger bus fell over a cliff in the eastern country, a police officer announced Thursday.

In a press conference, the chief of police said the tragedy occurred in the town of Mairana, 130 km from the provincial capital of Santa Cruz. “We went to check the facts and confirmed that 12 people died, including four children,” said Guzman. The injured were taken to a hospital for treatment in the nearby town of Comarapa.

According to passenger statements, the accident took place when the driver of a bus, belonging to the Trans Tupiza company, lost control while trying to avoid a vehicle driving on the wrong side of the road. The Volvo bus, with two drivers and 45 passengers, left the highway and tumbled down a valley for around 100 meters.


1. How many children were hurt in the accident?

2. Why did the accident take place?


1. A  2. C 


Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following news item.


The centre of Cardiff is relatively flat and is bounded by hills on the outskirts to the east, north and west. Its geographic features were influential in its development as the world’s largest coal port, most notably its nearness and easy access to the coal fields of the south Wales valleys.

Cardiff is bordered to the west by the rural district of the Vale of Glamorgan—also known as The Garden of Cardiff. And it’s bordered to the east by the city of Newport, to the north by the South Wales Valleys and to the south by the Severn Estuary and Bristol Channel. The River Taff winds through the centre of the city and together with the River Ely flows into the freshwater lake of Cardiff Bay. A third river, the Rhymney flows through the east of the city entering directly into the Severn Estuary.


3. Why is Cardiff well-known worldwide?

4. How many rivers flow through the city of Cardiff?


3. C  4. B



Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following news item.


In 2017, we will celebrate the 150th anniversary of Canada’s Confederation and Ottawa will be the centre of national celebrations! Residents and Canadians from all over Canada will experience Ottawa like never before and celebrate Canada’s 150th anniversary like nowhere else.

Ottawa 2017 will deliver 12 months of bold events, wonderful experiences and great celebrations, in addition to federal government plans and existing annual festivals, events and attractions. Besides, Ottawa will be animated by community celebrations organized at the local level across the city.

Ottawa 2017 is set to strengthen national pride from Canadians of all ages, backgrounds and walks of life—boosting tourism and generating a massive economic impact in the process. It will have over a $230M in GDP impact and generate more than 3,000 jobs to the economy. Ottawa 2017 will also create an ongoing legacy of attractions, annual events and business opportunities. As well as celebrating Canada’s rich history and exciting future, Ottawa 2017 will be a celebration with lasting benefits for its people.


5. How long will the national celebrations last?

6. What benefits could Canada get in the meanwhile?

7. How does the speaker feel about the national celebrations?


5. C  6. B  7. A


Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear two long conversations. At the end of each conversation, you will hear four questions. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.


Conversation One


W: Hi, Louis.

M: Hi, Crystal, what’s up lately?

W: Busy with my work in my hospital.

M: I’m sorry to hear that. I know, it’s hard to work as a surgeon in a hospital nowadays.

W: To take care of my patients is tiring. But, what’s most worrying to me is that I have to see badly-hurt patients caught and injured in traffic accidents.

M: Why? Are there still many accidents happening today? What did decades of advertisements and public information campaign do to reduce car accidents?

W: According to the data I read, they really worked. In fact, America witnessed the lowest accident fatality rate ever recorded in 2008.

M: That’s relieving to me. But, it seems you still have to face a large number of patients hurt in accidents every day.

W: Yes, the number of auto accidents and fatalities nationwide is still staggering. In 2008, there were almost 6 million car accidents in America, leading to more than 37,000 deaths.

M: Wow, that’s sad.

W: Another thing, automobile accidents are the leading cause of death for people between the ages of 3 and 34 in this country.

M: I believe, improvements in technology will continue to help bring those numbers down. But, still we should realize that most car accidents are the result of human error.

W: Yes, that’s right. So, the best way to reduce the risk of being involved in an accident is to practice safe driving behaviors.

M: Yes, everyone should do that, whether you’re just learning to drive, or you’ve been behind the wheels for decades.

W: The key is to keep in mind some basic rules for safe driving.

M: I think, the first rule is to take your time, obey posted speed limits.

W: Otherwise, it’ll cause harm to you or others. Research has shown that for every mile per hour you drive over the speed limit, the likelihood of your being in an accident increased by four to five percent.

M: So, I heard speeding is one of the most prevalent factors contributing to traffic crashes.

W: Besides, the economic cost to society of speeding-related crashes is estimated to be $40.4 billion per year.

M: So, when driving across town to work or to go home, it’s a must for us to obey speed limits. If you really need to get there as fast as possible, there’s one easiest solution: Leave earlier.

W: Yes. I totally agree to this.


Questions 8 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.


8. What do we learn about the woman’s workplace?

9. What do we learn about the advertisements to lower car accidents in the past years?

10. What’s the first rule for practicing safe driving?

11. What’s the man’s advice for one to drive to work as fast as possible?


8. B  9. D  10. A  11. C


Conversation Two


M: Hi, Susan, look at this car with seven seats. It’s my dream car.

W: Oh, Mark. Why do you want to have such a big car? You don’t even have any children now.

M: It’s true. But I have good news. My wife is pregnant!

W: Oh, many congratulations to you two.

M: Thanks. Therefore, I’m trying to get all the related information about child raising now.

W: As a mother of a 4-year-old boy, I myself can tell you some right now.

M: How lucky I am!

W: When children are very young, most of the time they stay at home. But, home is a dangerous place for them.

M: A dangerous place? I can’t believe it.

W: It’s hard to believe. But, home injuries are a leading source of accidental death for children. Almost 21 million medical visits and 20,000 deaths each year are the result of accidents in the home.

M: Horrible! How can parents prevent such accidents from happening?

W: It’s really bad. A child might be bitten by a trusted pet, or choked by balloons. However, home injuries are largely avoidable through education and prevention.

M: That’s a relief to me.

W: So parents have to adopt some steps to make the home safe for a young child.

M: That’s what I really want to hear.

W: Many household products are potentially poisonous to kids if swallowed.

M: I think this is very crucial for providing a safe home for a child.

W: The key is, to think from a child’s perspective, even getting down on your hands and knees to see things from your child’s point of view.

M: Do I need to buy a special cupboard to store these poisonous materials?

W: Yes. You are advised to install a cupboard in which cleaners, chemicals or garden fertilizers are stored. Keep these products in their original containers.

M: I got it. What else?

W: Besides, you should keep this in mind: do not store them in a container where they might be mistaken for food.

M: Is there anything else I should do?

W: If there’re certain rooms that contain many potential hazards, such as a workshop or a hobby room. Keep the door closed and install a doorknob cover or child-proof lock.

M: Thanks a lot.


Questions 12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.


12. What’s said of the man’s wife?

13. How many children were dead as the result of home injuries each year?

14. What’s the key to keeping poisonous products out of a young kid’s reach?

15. What should parents do to prevent kids entering a dangerous workshop?


12. C  13. B  14. D  15. A


Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear three passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.


Passage One


I read Emma a few years ago and honestly did not care for it. It was because of the fact that there seemed to be about a dozen main characters and only one of them (Mr. Knightley, of course) appeared to not be a completely silly person. Emma herself was dumber than a bag of hammers.

I don’t really like reading about stupid people, so Emma frustrated me. Nonetheless, I picked up a copy of Sense and Sensibility recently, and though I started reading with some hesitation I soon found myself enchanted with the writing and the characters, though many of them are hardly any sharper than those found in Emma.

Sense and Sensibility, for those readers who don’t know, is the story of Elinor and Marianne Dashwood, sisters who encounter many obstacles on the path to true love. As with Pride and Prejudice, the title Sense and Sensibility is significant. Elinor, the older of the sisters, is ruled by sense—she is not given to great shows of emotion or passion, whereas Marianne, who is only about 17 at that time, thrives on drama and grand expressions of emotion. Elinor is by far the more sympathetic of the sisters for most of the book, though some readers may, I suppose, find her coolness and perfection a bit disgusting. I found her very sympathetic, since as the reader we know her inner thoughts and realize how hard it is for her to maintain her calmness at times.


Questions 16 to 18 are based on the passage you have just heard.


16. How did the speaker see the main characters in the novel Emma?

17. How did the speaker feel when starting to read the novel Sense and Sensibility?

18. What’s Marianne’s character like in the novel Sense and Sensibility?


16. D  17. B  18. C


Passage Two


Fear of strangers is a normal stage in a child’s development. It happens as your baby gets to know and develops a healthy attachment to familiar people—like you. Because babies prefer familiar adults, they might react to strangers by crying or fussing, going very quiet, looking fearful or hiding.

Fear of strangers usually becomes more intense at around 7-10 months of age. It can last a few months or continue for much longer. It usually passes somewhere between 18 months and 2 years.

For example, a 10-month old baby who has been going to child care since she was 6 months old might get upset if there’s a new carer at the centre. She might cry, bury her head in her mother’s neck or scream when the carer tries to take her from her mum or dad.

Although fear of strangers is part of normal development for babies and young children, there are things you can do to help your child feel less upset. You should give your child the chance to meet new people in a safe and comfortable environment. For example, hold your child when you introduce him to strangers. Your child will also feel more comfortable with a stranger if he’s at home.

If your child gets very upset with a new person, comfort her and try a different approach—for example, all playing together—or moving your child slightly away from the new person until she calms down. Then you can try again.


Questions 19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.


19. Why does a child develop a fear of strangers?

20. When will fear of strangers probably disappear in a child?

21. How could you help your child to feel less upset when facing strangers?


19. D  20. D  21. C


Passage Three


The Life of Samuel Johnson is a biography of Dr. Samuel Johnson written by James Boswell. The work was a popular and critical success when first published. It is regarded as an important stage in the development of the modern style of biography; many have claimed it as the greatest biography written in English, but some modern critics object that the work cannot be considered a proper biography.

While Boswell’s personal acquaintance with his subject only began in 1763, when Johnson was 54 years old, Boswell covered the entirety of Johnson’s life by means of additional research. The biography makes various changes to Johnson’s quotations and even removes many comments. Nonetheless, modern biographers have found Boswell’s biography an important source of information on Johnson and his times.

On 16 May 1763, Johnson met 22-year-old Boswell, the man who would later become his first major biographer. They quickly became friends, although Boswell would return to his home in Scotland or travel abroad for months at a time. During his life, Boswell kept a series of journals that detailed the various moments that he felt were important. This journal, when published in the 20th century, filled eighteen volumes, and it was from this large collection of detailed notes that Boswell would base his works on Johnson’s life. Johnson, in commenting on Boswell’s excessive note taking playfully wrote to Hester Thrale, “One would think the man had been hired to spy upon me”.


Questions 22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.


22. How did people consider the biography of Johnson when first published?

23. How old was James Boswell when he first met Johnson?

24. What’s modern biographers’ attitude towards Boswell’s biography?

25. What can be inferred about James Boswell’s journal?


22. B  23. A  24. A  25. B



Part III   Reading Comprehension


Section A

26. O  27. C  28. A  29. F  30. H 

31. B  32. L  33. D  34. N  35. M


Section B

36. B  37. C  38. H  39. M  40. O

41. L  42. E  43. I  44. D  45. K


Section C

Passage One

46. C  47. A  48. B  49. C  50. B

Passage two

51. B  52. A  53. D  54. D  55. C



Part IV  Translation


When someone mentions Nanjing, you probably think of an old-fashioned city that was the capital city of six ancient dynasties. Many people agree with the saying that Nanjing is a city with a nostalgia complex. A couple of days will allow visitors to experience the city's nostalgic ambience. One of the most popular places to visit is the Confucius Temple, which was founded during the Song Dynasty in the early 11th century. It was initially an imperial academy but later changed to a center of culture and commerce. Many cities and towns in China have temples named after Confucius, but the Confucius Temple in Nanjing is particularly special because of its age and history. Teahouses, restaurants, movie theaters, and many other kinds of recreational facilities attract and entertain visitors and local residents. There are also many delicious snacks to satisfy your taste buds.







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