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重磅!2016英语四六级听力改革,难度大幅提高?!

新东方郑州学校2017-12-28 20:09:40


小新有话说
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重大消息!四六级听力改革啦!小新刚从大学英语四六级考试委员会获悉,16年6月的考试将对四六级听力部分进行重大改革!

官方通知

为了适应新的形势下社会对大学生英语听力能力需求的变化,进一步提高听力测试的效度,全国大学英语四、六级考试委员会决定自2016年6月考试起将对四、六级考试的听力试题作局部调整。


对于四级听力试题的调整具体如下:


1. 取消短对话


2. 取消短文听写


3. 新增短篇新闻(3段)


其余测试内容不变。调整后四级听力部分的试题结构见下表:


测试内容

测试题型

题量

分值比例

短篇新闻3

选择题(单选)

7

7%(每题1分)

长对话2

选择题(单选)

8

8%(每题1分)

听力篇章3

选择题(单选)

10

20%(每题2分)

改革说明啥?



1. 全国大学英语四、六级考试委员会的改革决定是想让这个考试成为在大学期间值得学生去认真备战的能力性考试。



2. 每次(包含这次)改革后的考试无疑在出题形式上结合了国内外众多考试形式之精华与高效,力图让考试本身最大程度的反映出考生的实际能力和水平,并迫使学生为了相应的题型去进行必要的学习准备。


3. 改革之后,题型更注重实用。在这次四级听力改革之中,主要发生变化的只有第一部分。长对话和篇章听力与以往考试中相比,并无不同。


“变难”OR“变易”?


Section A由原来的8个短对话变为3篇新闻听力,每篇新闻之后2-3题不等。新闻听力这个题型,是曾经英语专业四级(TEM-4)考试中的一种题型,现在出现在大学英语四级的考试中,可见难度会有很大幅度的提高。


样题中给出的三段新闻全部来源于BBC新闻,其中第三段新闻由于原文中个别用词超过四级考试范围,故有部分删改和替换。那么如此专业的国外新闻材料给同学们带来的难点主要在于:


1. 语速快,口音陌生。很多同学平时听英语新闻的难点之一就在于新闻的语速相对于普通四级听力语速较快。BBC新闻的正常语速为1分钟150-180词,而大学英语四级考试听力部分的语速是每分钟130-150个单词。目前官方并没有给出听力的音频,所以如果考试中的录音仍由四级听力录音员来读,在语速上将会一定程度的减小新闻听力的难度,并且一英一美的转换换,会让同学们在口音上相对熟悉。如果直接用新闻原音频,不仅语速快,同时英音也将对平时接触美音较多的同学造成影响。


2. 词汇难度大。第一,绝大多数同学听听力的时候都是在听词,那么新闻中会出现很多地名等专有名词(如Kenyan, Nairobi, the Ugandan capital Kampala, the Somali group al-Shabab,Will Ross等),虽然同学们在看听力原文的时候也知道这些词不重要,但是在听的时候可能只会把它们归为“不认识的生词”从而影响其他信息的获取;第二,新闻中会有很多专业术语和新闻常用语(如blast, rebel等),相对于之前短对话题型的场景词来说,难度有一定程度的提升,所以这将是同学们的难点所在。


3. 语言表达过于专业。曾经的短对话题型,句型及表达较口语化,相比而言,专业的新闻中的句型句式在语法结构上会更加严谨和复杂。例如:“Manyof its 800 stores are likely to close following the company’s decision to callin administrators after an attempt to sell the business for a token £1 failed.”以及 “Known for low-priced generalgoods, Woolworths has struggled in the face of competition from supermarketsexpanding beyond groceries and a new generation of internet retailers.” 这样长难句的出现,大大增加了同学们听力的难度。


改革后题型分析


Questions 1 and2 will be based on the following news item.


1. A) Christmas-time attacks madeby Somali rebels.

B) An explosion at a bus station in centralNairobi.

C) The killing of more than 70 Ugandans inKampala.

D) Blasts set off by a Somali group inUganda’s capital.

(选项预判:考察发生了什么事儿。)


2. A) On Christmas Eve.

B) Just before midnight.

C) During a security check.

D) In the small hours of the morning.

(选项预判:考察地点)


原文:


Kenyan police say one person was killed and 26 injured in an explosionat a bus station in central Nairobi. The blast hit a bus about to set off forthe Ugandan capital Kampala. Last July, the Somali group al-Shabab said it wasbehind the blasts in the Ugandan capital which killed more than 70 people. WillRoss reports from the Kenyan capital.


The explosion happened beside a bus whichwas about to set off for an overnight journey from Nairobi to the Ugandancapital Kampala. Some eyewitnesses report that a bag was about to be loaded onboard, but it exploded during a security check. Windows of the red bus wereleft smashed, and blood could be seen on the ground beside the vehicle. Justhours earlier, Uganda’s police chief had warned of possible Christmas-timeattacks by Somali rebels.


问题:


1.What is the news report mainly about?


解析:根据“Kenyanpolice say one person was killed and 26 injured in an explosion at a busstation in central Nairobi.” 得出答案B) An explosion at a bus station in centralNairobi.


2.When did the incident occur?


解析:根据“butit exploded during a security check.” 得出答案C) During a security check.


Questions 3 and 4 will be based on the following newsitem.


3. A)It is likely to close many of its stores.

B) It is known for the quality of its goods.

C) It remains competitive in the recession.

D) It will expand its online retail business.

(选项预判:根据close, stores, quality of goods, competitive,retail business判断和公司发展经营相关。)


4. A)Expand its business beyond groceries.

B) Fire 25,000 of its current employees.

C) Cut its DVD publishing business.

D) Sell the business for one pound.


(选项预判:动作考察题)


原文:


Woolworths is one of the best known nameson the British High Street. It’s been in business nearly a century. Many of its800 stores are likely to close following the company’s decision to call inadministrators after an attempt to sell the business for a token £1 failed.


The company has huge debts. The immediatecause for the collapse has been Britain’s slide toward recession, which has cutinto consumer spending. However, the business had been in trouble for years.


Known for low-priced general goods,Woolworths has struggled in the face of competition from supermarkets expandingbeyond groceries and a new generation of internet retailers.


Many of the store group’s 25,000 employeesare likely to lose their jobs. Some profitable areas such as the DVD publishingbusiness will survive.


问题:


3.What do we learn about Woolworths from the news report?

4.What did Woolworths attempt to do recently?


解析:根据“Woolworths is one of the best known names on theBritish High Street. It’s been in business nearly a century. Many of its 800stores are likely to close following the company’s decision to call inadministrators after an attempt to sell the business for a token £1 failed.” 可得出第3题答案A) It is likely to close manyof its stores. 以及第4题答案D) Sell the business for one pound. 但是其余选项中部分信息也有读到,同学们在听时应留心细节。


Questions 5 to 7 will be based on the following newsitem.


5. A)All taxis began to use meters.

B) All taxis got air conditioning.

C) Advertisements were allowed on taxis.

D) Old taxis were replaced with new cabs.


6. A)A low interest loan scheme.

B) Environmentalists’ protests.

C) Taxi passengers’ complaints.

D) Permission for car advertising.


7. A)There are no more irregular practices.

B) All new cabs provide air-conditioning.

C) New cabs are all equipped with meters.

D) New legislation protects consumer rights.

(选项预判:根据高频词taxi和cab可知新闻讨论的对象为出租车)


原文:


Cairo is known for its overcrowded roads,irregular driving practices and shaky old vehicles, but also for its airpollution. In recent months, though, environmental studies indicate there havebeen signs of improvement. That’s due in part to the removal of many of thecapital’s old-fashioned black and white taxis. Most of these dated back to the1960s and 70s and were in a poor state of repair.


After new legislation demanded theirremoval from the roads, a low interest loan scheme was set up with threeEgyptian banks so drivers could buy new cars. The government pays about $900for old ones to be discarded and advertising on the new vehicles helps coverrepayments.


The idea has proved popular with customers ― theycan now travel in air-conditioned comfort and because the new cabs are metered,they don’t have to argue over fares. Banks and car manufacturers are glad forthe extra business in tough economic times. As for the taxi drivers, most aredelighted to be behind the wheel of new cars, although there have been a fewcomplaints about switching from black and white to a plain white colour.


问题:


5.What change took place in Cairo recently?


解析:根“That’s due in part to the removal of many of thecapital’s old-fashioned black and white taxis.” 可得出答案D) Old taxis were replaced with new cabs. 注意removal和replace的同义替换。


6.What helped bring about the change?


解析:根据“a low interest loan scheme was set up with threeEgyptian banks so drivers could buy new cars.” 得出答案A) A low interest loan scheme.


7.Why do customers no longer argue with new cab drivers?


解析:根据“because the new cabs are metered, they don’t haveto argue over fares.” 得出答案C) New cabs are all equipped with meters. 特殊信号词“because”引出的因果细节题。


总体来说,无论是对于四级还是六级听力的改革,我们可以看出,CET考试已经越来越注重考察学生真实的听力能力和水平,考试的技巧性正在逐步降低。考试的内容也更加强调实用性,逐步打破中国学生以应试为目的的学习方式。考试难度有明显提升,进一步向托福雅思等国际权威性考试接近。


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