民间艺术 folk arts
高雅艺术 refined art
文化产业 culture industry
文化事业 cultural undertaking
文化交流 cross-cultural communication
文化冲突 culture shock
乡村文化 rural culture
民族文化 national culture
文化底蕴 cultural deposit
华夏祖先 the Chinese ancestors
同宗同源 of the same origin
四大发明 the four great inventions of ancient China
武术门派 styles or schools of martial art
气功 Qigong; deep breathing exercises
武侠小说 tales of roving knights/kung fu novels
文化遗产 cultural heritage
文化设施 cultural facilities
京剧 Beijing Opera
相声 cross talk
文物 cultural/historical relics
社会习俗 rituals/social customs
民间传说 folk tales
Culture can be defined as the way of life of a particular society or section of society. It involves their customs and traditions, and so in some senses culture is what distinguishes us from others, what makes us unique. I think culture is also what connects us to our past, to our heritage. We mustn't forget modern culture either, though. Youth culture is often very vibrant and powerful, with its new and inventive forms of music, dress and art.
中国的文化遗产Chinese Cultural Relics
Cultural relics have begun to be a hot topic in China today as the balance
between developing the nation and retaining traditional culture must be found.
This can be seen in the public's desire to rebuild places of interest. This can
be seen intensively in Beijing as traditional courtyards are removed to make way
for large, modern buildings. As people gain more money and are able to move
around freely in China, they want to preserve the relics of their cultural past.
People now wish to preserve traditional architecture like old city walls instead
of knocking them down. Some even wish to rebuild those that have been torn down.
The Chinese people are renewing their interests in the folk arts and are
dedicating new culture exhibitions in order to educate people on their grand
heritage. This is not just a domestic idea. Chinese culture is also spreading
abroad as people express an interest in China. Chinese studies abroad have
increased a great deal as China becomes more of a growing economic and
international player. The interest in Chinese relics abroad is also high because
foreigners are coming to appreciate Chinese culture.
In my point of view, government should providefund to build museums and theaters because theyserve as exhibition centers for people to know about the history and culture of the country.The range of museums is fantasticthere are
museums of ancient history andarchaeology(考古学), of natural history and even museums for such things as transport andcrime! And because the museums are constantly holding new exhibitions, there is alwayssomething different to see.Theaters offer people a big place to enjoy a variety of operas and plays of different regions.Even the world's best group come occasionally. Meanwhile, the building of the museums andtheaters will enhance the cultural exchange between countries.They are also one of the contributing factors that promote the national economy.That's why I think it's a good idea for government to help with the building of museumsand theaters.
2. Should a city try to preserve its old, historic buildings or destroy them and replace themwith modern buildings?
I think old buildings should be protected and maintained for the following reasons. First, oldbuildings carry a place's history, tradition, local custom and even some unique character. Theywere designed to be preserved as they were in early times. They serve as a mirror to remindmodern people of their past that they should be proud of. Second, most old buildings aretourist attractions which interest visitors from all over the world. If they are damaged, theymight go back with regret. In addition, tourism is always a big support to economy. Therefore,we should try to bring the funding into the budget to do whatever is necessary.
3. Some people prefer to get information through printed materials like books. Other peoplelike to do that via the Internet. which way do you prefer and why? (Which do you prefer, e-reading or traditional reading? )
Some people prefer ereading ‘cause it's fast and convenient. But in my opiniontraditional reading is better for three reasons.First, paper reading doesn't have as much bad effect on our eyes as computer reading.Second, the printed word gives more comfort, enjoyment or personal touch than electronictext. I like the feeling of turning the page and taking notes on the book. Though computers arechanging the reading habits, the long tradition of printed word may yet not be. Most people stillread printed books, magazines and newspapers to get their information.Therefore, I prefer traditional reading to e-reading.
4. Are young people as interested in traditional events as older people?年轻人像老人一样对传统活动感兴趣么？
Young people are only interested in events that are loaded with music and alcohol. Until they have children no one changes their lifestyles.年轻人只对与酒精、音乐相关的事情感兴趣。除非有了孩子以后，否则他们的生活方式是不可改变的。
5. What traditions in China are disappearing or are in danger of disappearing?
I have to say many traditions are dying out, especially for those traditional crafts; most of them have been replaced by the modern industry.
6. How can old traditions be kept alive (= continued)?传统习俗如何保留下来？
Traditions can be kept alive by keeping practicing and performing them. And they should not only be practiced, but taught to children. Passing them on from generation to generation is the most important part of human nature.传统习俗需要遵循，还需要去实践才能保留下来。不光是要实践，更要教给孩子们。把传统习俗传递给下一代是人们生活中最重要的部分。
7. Is Chinese culture being affected by foreign cultural influences?
Kinda!! For instance, young people are celebrating Christmas every year, which is not a traditional Chinese festival. It’s hard to say if it is bad or not but the fact is China is becoming a ‘melting pot’. Foreign people are just helping add to that ‘melting pot’.有点儿!!举个例子，年轻人每年都在过圣诞节，这不是中国传统的节日。很难说这是好是坏但是中国现在正在变成一个“大融炉”，老外们正在帮忙往炉子里面填东西呢。（melting pot指各种族）
8. Do you think that it is important for a society or culture to have a sense of continuity with the past?
Yes, definitely. Change is necessary, but it is also frightening. For this reason, people continue to rely on their traditions to give them a sense of their roots and to remind them of where they've come from. Commemorating the past is also a way of bringing people closer together, such as during National Day.