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2014年12月英语四级听力真题原文及答案

东油英语2018-06-01 12:36:39



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Part II Listening Comprehension (30 minutes)

Section A

Directions: In this section, you will hear 8 short conversations and 2long conversations. At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will bespoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause,you must read the four choices marked A),B),C)and D),and decide which is the best answer, Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

1.

A) She will go purchase the gift herself.

B) The gift should not be too expensive.

C) The man is not good at balancing his budget.

D) They are going to Jane's house-warming party.

2.

A) It takes patience to go through the statistics.

B) He has prepared the statistics for the woman.

C) The woman should take a course in statistics.

D) He is quite willing to give the woman a hand.

3.

A) The man wants to make some change in the scripts.

B) The woman does not take the recording seriously.

C) They cannot begin their recording right away.

D) Page55 is missing from the woman's scripts.

4. 

A) A significant event in July.

B)Preparations for a wedding.

C) The date of Carl's wedding.

D) The birthday of Carl's bride.

5.

A) The man was in charge of scheduling meetings.

B) The man was absent from the weekly meeting.

C) They woman was annoyed at the man's excuse.

D) The woman forgot to tell the man in advance.

6.

A) The woman is a marvelous cook.

B) The man cannot wait for his meal.

C) The woman has just bought an oven.

D) The man has to leave in half an hour.

7.

A)Whether the man can keep his job.

B) Where the man got the bad news.

C) What items sell well in the store.

D) How she can best help the man.

8.

A) The woman can sign up for a swimming class.

B) He works in the physical education department.

C) The woman has the potential to swim like a fish.

D) He would like to teach the woman how to swim.

Questions9 to 11 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

9.

A) He teaches in a law school.

B) He loves classical music.

C) He is a diplomat.

D) He is a wonderful lecturer.

10.

A) Went to see a play.

B)Watched a soccer game.

C) Took some photos.

D)Attended a dance.

11.

A) She decided to get married in three years.

B) Her mother objected to Eric's flying lessons.

C) She insisted that Eric pursue graduate studies.

D) Her father said she could marry Eric right away.

Questions12 to 15 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

12. 

A)Editor. B) Teacher. C) Journalist. D) Typist.

13.

A) The beautiful Amazon rain forests.

B) A new railway under construction.

C) Big changes in the Amazon valley.

D) Some newly discovered scenic spot.

14.

A) In news weeklies.

B) In newspapers' Sunday editions.

C) In a local evening paper.

D) In overseas editions of U.S. magazines.

15.

A) To be employed by a newspaper.

B) To become a professional writer.

C) To sell her articles to news service.

D) To get her life story published soon.

Section B

Directions: In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage, you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。

Passage One

Questions16 to 18 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

16.

A)Nodding one's head.

B) Waving one's hand.

C)Holding up the forefinger.

D)Turning the right thumb down.

17.

A)Looking away from them.

B)Forming a circle with fingers.

C) Bowing one's head to them.

D) Waving or pointing to them.

18.

A)Looking one's superior in the eye.

B) Keeping one's arms folded while talking.

C)Showing the sole of one's foot to a guest.

D) Using a lot of gestures during a conversation.

Passage Two

Questions19 to 21 are based on the passage you have just heard.

19.

A) They had to beg for food after the harvest.

B) They grew wheat and corn on a small farm.

C) They shared a small flat with their relatives.

D) The children walked to school on dirt roads.

20.

A) Tour Ecuador's Andes Mountains.

B) Earn an animal income of $2,800.

C)Purchase a plot to build a home on.

D) Send their children to school.

21.

A) The achievements of the Trickle Up Program.

B) A new worldwide economic revolution.

C) Different forms of assistance to the needy.

D) The life of poor people in developing countries.

Passage Three

Questions22 to 25 are based on the passage you have just heard.

22.

A) They are highly sensitive to cold.

B) They are vitally important to our life.

C) They are a living part of our body.

D) They are a chief source of our pain.

23.

A) It has to be removed in time by a dentist.

B) It is a rare oral disease among old people.

C) It contains many nerves and blood vessels.

D) It is a sticky and colorless film on the teeth.

24.

A) It can change into acids causing damage to their outer covering.

B) It greatly reduces their resistance to the attacks of bacteria.

C) It makes their nerves and blood vessels more sensitive to acid food.

D) It combines with food particles to form a film on their surface.

25. 

A) Food particles. 

B) Gum disease. 

C) Unhealthy living habits. 

D) Chemical erosion.

Section C

Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time,you should listen carefully for its general idea.When the passage is read for the second time,you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally,when the passage is read for the third time,you should check what you have written.

  注意:此部分试题请在答题卡1上作答。  

Stunt people (替身演员) are not movie stars, but they are the hidden heroes of many movies.

They were around long before films. Even Shakespeare may have used them in fight scenes.To be good, a fight scene has to look real. Punches must __26__ enemies' jaws.Sword fights must be fought with __27__ swords. Several actors arc usually in a fight scene. Their moves must be set up so that no one gets hurt. It is almost like planning a dance performance.

If a movie scene is dangerous, stunt people usually __28__ the stars. You may think you see Tom Cruise running along the top of a train. But it is __29__ his stunt double. Stunt people must __30__ the stars they stand in for. Their height and build should be about the same. But when close-ups are needed, the film __31__the star. Some stunt people __32__ in certain kinds of scenes. For instance, a stunt woman named Jan Davis does all kinds of jumps. She has leap from planes and even off the top of a waterfall. Each jump required careful planning and expert __33__.

YakimaCanutt was a famous cowboy stunt man. Among other stunts, he could jump from a second story window onto a horse's back. He __34__ the famous trick of sliding under a moving stagecoach. Canutt also __35__ a new way to make a punch look real. He was the only stunt man ever to get an Oscar.

 

听力原文:

Part II Listening Comprehension

Section A

Directions:In this section, you will hear 8short conversations and 2 long conversations.At the end of each conversation, one or more questions will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the questions will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C), and D), and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

Now let’s begin with the eight short conversations.

1.

M: Take a look at this catalogue. Maybe we can find some gifts for Jane's new house.

W: OK.But remember, we can't afford a lot.

Q: What does the woman mean?

2.

W: I am getting absolutely nowhere with these statistics.

M: How about my going through them with you?

Q: What does the man mean?

3.

M: are ready to start the recording, aren't we? Let's begin on Page 55.

W: Sony.I am afraid I can't begin right now. I forgot to bring my scripts.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

4.

W:Remember. Carl's wedding is on June 26.

M: Oh,thanks for reminding me. 1 thought it wasn't to be until sometime in July.

Q: What are the speakers talking about?

5.

M: Please excuse me for not attending the meeting yesterday. Fm afraid I forgot to check my schedule.

W: That' s all right. We had to hold the weekly meeting as scheduled. And everything went well.

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

6.

W: I've just put our lunch in the oven and it won't be ready for at least half an hour.

M: Em, its mells marvelous, but what can I have right now?

Q: What do we learn from the conversation?

7.

M: I got some bad news today. The store where I work is laying off staff.

W: Are they going to let you go?

Q: What does the woman want to know?

8.

W: John,You swim like a fish. I wish I knew how to swim.

M: Why not sign up for the lessons offered by the physical education department?

Q: What does the man mean?

 

Now you’ll hear the two long conversations.

Conversation One

W: Hi,Eric. How was your weekend?

M: Great! I met Maria's parents. And we told them we want to be engaged.

W: Eric,that's wonderful. Congratulations!

M:Thanks, Alice. I really like her parents too. They are very nice. Mrs. Carmona speaks four languages, and Mr.Carmona is a diplomat. In fact, he gave us a speech at the law school on Saturday morning.

W: Oh,that was Maria's father? I heard his speech.

M: You did?

W: Well, I heard part of it. I listened to it for ten minutes and then I fell asleep. I thought I was in class. Anyway, tell me about your weekend.

M: Saturday evening we saw a play. And Sunday afternoon, we watched a soccer game. Then Sunday night we all went out for dinner. Maria, her parents and me. That was the first chance we had to talk.

W: Were you nervous?

M: At first I was. We didn't say much. Mr.Carmona told us some good stories about his experiences as a diplomat.And they asked me about my hobbies.

W: And what did you say?

M: Well,I didn't tell them about my flying lessons. I told them about my chess play and my classical music collection.

W: Good idea. Her parents really approve of you, don't they?

M: I guess so.  Maria called this morning and said "My father told me he'd like you for a son-in-law right now. "

W: That's great.

M: Not exactly. I want to get married after graduate school in about three years.

9. What does Eric say about Maria's father?

10. What did Eric and Maria do last Sunday afternoon?

11. What do we learn from Maria's phone call this morning?

 

Conversation Two

M: You are going to wear out the computer's keyboard.

W: Oh.Hi.

M: Do you have any idea what time it is?

W: About 10:00 or 10:30?

M: It's nearly midnight.

W: Really?I didn't know it was so late.

M: Don't you have an early class to teach tomorrow morning?

W: Yes, at 7 o'clock. My commuter class-the students who go to work right after their lesson.

M: Then you ought to go to bed. What are you writing anyway?

W: An article I hope I can sell.

M: Oh,another of your newspaper pieces. What's this one about?

W: Do you remember that trip I took last month?

M: The one up to the Amazon?

W: Well,that's what I'm writing about.  The new highway and the changes it's making in the Amazon valley.

M: It should be interesting.

W: It is.I guess that's why I forgot all about the time.

M: How many articles have you sold now?

W: About a dozen so far.

M: What kind of newspapers are they?

W: The papers that can a lot of foreign news. They usually appear in the big Sunday editions where they need a lot of background stories to help fill off the space between the ads.

M: Is there any future in it?

W: I hope so.  There is a chance I may sell this article to a news service.

M: Then your story would be published in several papers, wouldn't it?

W: That's the idea. And it might even be able to do other stories on a regular basis.

M: That would be great.

12. What is the woman's occupation?

13. What is the woman writing about?

14. Where did the woman's articles usually appear?

15. What does the woman expect?

Section B

Directions:In this section, you will hear 3 short passages. At the end of each passage,you will hear some questions. Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a question, you must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A), B),C), and D).Then mark the corresponding letter on Answer Sheet 1 with a single line through the centre.

 

Passage One

Body language, especially gestures, varies among cultures. For example, a nod of the head means "yes" to most of us.  But in Bulgaria and Greece a no dreams "no" and a shake of the head means "yes". Likewise, a sign for OK, forming a circle with our forefinger and thumb, means zero in France and money in Japan. Waving or pointing to an Arab business person would be considered rude because that is how Arabs call their dogs over. Folded arms signal pride in Finland, but disrespect in Fiji. The number of bows that the Japanese exchange on greeting each other, as well as the length and the depth of the bows, signals the?

Social status each party feels towards the other. Italians might think you're bored unless you use a lot of gestures during discussions.  Many American men sit with their legs crossed with one ankle resting over the opposite knee. However,this would be considered an insult in Muslim countries, where one would never show the sole of the foot to a guest. Likewise, Americans consider eye contact very important, often not trusting someone who is afraid to look you in the eye. But in Japan and many Latin American countries, keeping the eyes lower edis a sign of respect. To look upon firmly in the eye is considered a sign of ill breeding and is felt to be annoying.

16. What gesture do Bulgarians and Greeks use to express negative responses?

17. What is likely to offend Arab business people?

18. What is considered to be impolite in Muslim countries?

 

Passage Two

Three years ago, Puncha Maya, her husband and five children lived in a shaky flat in southern Nepal. Every morning, the parents walked the dirt roads seeking work in the rice fields. After the harvest, the family went begging for food.Today, the Mayas own a small paper-bag making company. With the money they've earned, the Mayas have purchased a small plot, on which they grew vegetables and raise goats for additional income. In fact, the family has saved $ 68, this is remarkable in a country with an average annual income of $ 160.

GraceMbakwas, her husband and eight children once lived hand-to-mouth in Cameroon.Today, the Mbakwas run a clothing manufacturing business and own a home. They are able to send their children to school, at a cost of annual sum of $2,800.

The idea of starting her own business seemed impossible to Pilar Maya, a poor woman from Atahualpa, high in Ecuador's Andes Mountains. Today, however, she is one of the proud owners of a bakery specializing in sweet cakes.

These businesses are part of economic revolution sweeping to developing world.The sponsor is the Trickle Up Program, a non-profit organization founded by NewYorkers Glen and Mildred Leet. This organization offers people like the Mayas,the Mbakwas and the Mayas modest $ 100 grands. Since 1979, the program has helped over 130,000 of the world's neediest people in 90 countries win small life-saving victories over poverty. And it has turned conventional thinking about foreign aid on its hand.

19. What do we learn about Punch a Maya's family of three years ago?

20. What is the Mbakwas able to do now?

21. What does the speaker mainly talk about?

 

Passage Three

Take care of your teeth and your teeth will take care of you.  Your teeth are a living part of your body. They have nerves and blood vessels. Diseased teeth can cause pain, die and fall out. Plaque is the main enemy of healthy teeth.Everyone has plaque. It is a sticky colorless film that coats the teeth.Plaque is always forming on the teeth, especially at the gum line. If plaque is not removed, it builds up and gets under the gum line. Plaque that is left on the teeth for some time hardens. The result is tooth decay and gum tooth's harder outer covering. If left untreated, decay goes deeper and deeper into the tooth. After a while, the decay reaches the nerves and blood vessels of the inner tooth. By the time this happens, the tooth has probably started to ache.In addition to tooth decay, there are also gum diseases to watch out for.The bacteria in plaque make poisons that attack the gums. Small pockets form around the teeth. The pockets trap more bacteria and food particles. Finally,the bone supporting the teeth is attacked and starts to shrink. Teeth become loose and may fall out. Adults lose most teeth this way. Keep your mouth healthy. When you brush your teeth, do a good job.

Sensitive to cold, a chief source of our pain, disease, damage, attacks of bacteria is.

22. What does the speaker say about our teeth?

23. What does the speaker say about plaque?

24. Why is sugar harmful to teeth?

25. What causes adults to lose most of their teeth according to the speaker?

Section C

Directions:In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.

Now listen to the passage.

 

Stunt people (替身演员) are not movie stars, but they are the hidden heroes of many movies.

They were around long before films. Even Shakespeare may have used them in fight scenes.To be good, a fight scene has to look real. Punches must  land on  enemies' jaws. Sword fights must be fought with   sharp  swords. Several actors arc usually in a fight scene. Their moves must be set up so that no one gets hurt.It is almost like planning a dance performance.

If a movie scene is dangerous, stunt people usually  fill in for  the stars. You may think you see Tom Cruise running along the top of a train. But it is  probably  his stunt double. Stunt people must  resemble  the stars they stand in for. Their height and build should be about the same. But when close-ups are needed, the film  focuses on   the star. Some stunt people  specialize  in certain kinds of scenes. For instance, a stunt woman named Jan Davis does all kinds of jumps. She has leapt from planes and even off the top of a waterfall. Each jump required careful planning and expert   timing  .

YakimaCanutt was a famous cowboy stunt man. Among other stunts, he could jump from a second story window onto a horse's back. He   invented   the famous trick of sliding under a moving stagecoach. Canutt also  figured out   a new way to make a punch look real. He was the only stunt man ever to get an Oscar.

 

1-8:BDCCCBAA

9-11:CBD

12-15:BCBC

16-18:ADC

19-21:ADA

22-25:CDAB

26. land on

27. sharp

28. fill in for

29. probably

30. resemble

31. focuses on

32. specialize

33. timing

34. invented

35. figured out



东油英语

编辑:李晋

责任编辑:刘兴国

审核:李玉梅



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