英语培训费用交流组

知道四六级这两个技巧听力拿高分不是问题

师专海港2017-12-27 19:11:35

今天给大家分享两个听力选项中的玄机,帮助大家在四六级考试中的听力部分取得好成绩~~


第一,核心词



好我们来定义一下核心词,什么是核心词?和关键词有什么差别?

关键词是每个选项中的3-5个重要的动词、名词、副词、形容词和否定词。

核心词是选项的关键词中有一个词或者两个词能互相区分A/B/C/D。不是所有题目都可以提取出核心词的。核心词的提取关键看选项特征。 

相同类型的选项或者同方向性的题目容易提取。例如:

A)He will lose part of his pay.

B)He will go through retraining.

C)He will be given a warning.

D)He is go good terms with his workmates.

What will happen to the press operator who was late for the work according to the woman? 

该题目三个选项都是在说惩罚,最后一个是正向的。他们都有类似方向。于是ABCD一定有这样的核心词去区别彼此。提取出的核心词为:pay, retaining, warning和 workmates.心中有四个能彼此区分的。

原文:

M: One of the press operators arrived an hour and a half late.

W: But that's a straightforward affair. He will simply lose part of his pay. That's why we have a clock-in system.

集中注意力去检索以上四个核心词是否在声音信号中出现,而不用去检索所有选项的关键词。

提取核心词的目的是为什么?

为了听的过程中,减少听力的认知加工,也为了有目的的主动的去听题目。做到carry全文的掌控感。

我们再来举个例子:

 A) House are much more quiet .

B) They want to have more space.

C) They want a garden of their own.

D) Houses provide more privacy.

 Why do British people prefer houses to flats?

这道题的选项的共性:他们想要什么样的房子?A-B的核心词分别是:quiet、more space、garden more、privacy。意味着我们听15题的时候,有目的的专门听到底是安静的、空间大的、自己的花园还是隐私的。核心词可以减少盲目性和选项的干扰性。

原文:

M: Yeah. It's about being private. You go home to your house and your garden and you close the door. It's your place.

W: That's why the British don't like flats. They prefer to live in houses.



第二,对立选项



有的题目虽然有四个选项,但是选项内部有相互对立或者相互对应的选项。例如:

 A) Each flock of butterflies lays eggs in the same states.

B) They start to lay eggs when they are nine months old.

C) Each generation in a cycle lays eggs at a different place.

D) Only the strongest can reach their destination to lay eggs.

 What does the speaker say about the monarch butterflies’ reproduction?

选项中两个明显对立的选项:A与C。产卵在相同或者不同的地方。

这样我们听选项的时候更加有针对性,降低了干扰性,准确率在没有听音频前,就提高了50%。

原文:

The average monarch lives about nine month. So when fly the north, they might lay eggs in Louisiana and die. The eggs of that following generation may be found in Kentucky, the eggs of next generation may be in the Kang Michigan.

在听到文章描述产卵时提高了在Louisiana、Kentucky和Michigan三个地方。这样直接就可以选出正确选项:C。这道题目如果看不出选项的玄机,做起来就困难很多。

-希望这样的方式,对大家的听力有帮助哦-


Copyright © 英语培训费用交流组@2017