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【耳听八方】14年12月四级听力真题(短文听写2)

英语四级天天练2018-05-16 07:36:46

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Directions

In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.


  More and more of the world's population are living in towns or cities. The speed at which cities are growing in the less developed countries is (26)__________. Between 1920 and 1960 big cities in developed countries increased two and a half times in size, but in other parts of the world the growth was eight times their size.

  The (27)__________size of growth is bad enough, but there are now also very disturb-ing signs of trouble in the (28)__________ of percentages of people living in towns and per-centages of people working in industry. During the nineteenth century cities grew(29)__________ the growth of industry. In Europe the proportion of people living in cities was always smaller than that of the work Forceworking in factories.Now,however,the(30)__________ is almost always tree in the newly industrialised world: the percentage of people living in cities is much higher than the percentage working in industry.

  Without a base of people working in industry, these cities cannot(31)__________their growth;thereis not enough money to build adequate houses for the people that live there,(32)__________ the new arrivals. There has been little opportunity to build water supplies orother (33)__________ So,the figures for the growth of town sand cities(34)__________ proportional growth of unemployment and underemployment, a growth in the number of hopeless and (35)__________ parents and starving children.


参考答案
26
alarming

  [解析]空格所在句的主干是The speed is空格位于系动词is后,与is共同构成句子的谓语.alarming在句中为形容词,意为‘‘令人担忧的”.

27
sheer

  [解析]空格前是定冠词The,空格后是名词词组size of growth“增长的规模”,故空格处应填人size of growth的修饰成分.sheer在句中意为“纯粹的”.

28
comparison

  [解析]空格前是定冠词the,空格后是of引导的介宾短语,故空格处应填人用名词(词组).名词comparison为动词compare“比较,对比”的派生词,意为“比较”.

29
as a result of

  [解析]空格前的句意为“城市发展”,空格后为名词词组“工业的发展”,填入as a result of"作为……的结果”,表现城市的发展是由业的发展造成的.

30
reverse

  [解析]空格位于定冠词the后面,故应填入名词(词组),作句子的主语.reverse在句中作名词.意为“相反的情况”.

31
pay for

  [解析]空格位于情态动词cannot后面.故应填入动词(词组)的原形,pay for表示“负担……的费用,偿还”,在句中意为“这些城市无法承担城市人口发展所带来的代价”.

32
let alone

  [解析]let alone意为“更不用说,不必考虑”.空格所在句意为“尚且没有足够财力为当地人建造足够的房屋,更不用说为新移民建房屋了.”

33
facilities

  [解析]由空格前的or可知,空格所在的other与前面的water supplies并列,都是一些基本设施、设备.facility意为“设施,设备”,常用复数形式.

34
represent

  [解析]空格所在句缺少谓语成分,故空格处应填入动词(词组0 represent意为“代表”.

35
despaifing

  [解析]由空格前的and可知,空格填入的成分与hopeless“失去希望的”并列,都应该是含负面意义的修饰语.despairing意为“绝望的”.


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