In this section, you will hear a passage three times. When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks with the exact words you have just heard. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written.
More and more of the world's population are living in towns or cities. The
speed at which cities are growing in the less developed countries is
(26)__________. Between 1920 and 1960 big cities in developed countries
increased two and a half times in size, but in other parts of the world the
growth was eight times their size.
The (27)__________size of growth is bad enough, but there are now also
very disturb-ing signs of trouble in the (28)__________ of percentages of people
living in towns and per-centages of people working in industry. During the
nineteenth century cities grew(29)__________ the growth of industry. In Europe
the proportion of people living in
cities was always smaller than that of the work Forceworking in factories.Now,however,the(30)__________ is almost always tree in the newly
industrialised world: the percentage of people living in cities is much higher
than the percentage working in industry.
Without a base of people working in industry, these cities cannot(31)__________their growth;thereis not enough money to build adequate houses for
the people that live there,(32)__________ the new arrivals. There has been little
opportunity to build water supplies orother (33)__________
So,the figures for the growth of town sand cities(34)__________ proportional growth of
unemployment and underemployment, a growth in the number of hopeless and
(35)__________ parents and starving children.
[解析]空格所在句的主干是The speed is空格位于系动词is后，与is共同构成句子的谓语.alarming在句中为形容词，意为‘‘令人担忧的”.
[解析]空格前是定冠词The，空格后是名词词组size of growth“增长的规模”，故空格处应填人size of growth的修饰成分.sheer在句中意为“纯粹的”.
[解析]空格前的句意为“城市发展”，空格后为名词词组“工业的发展”，填入as a result of"作为……的结果”，表现城市的发展是由业的发展造成的.