①season季节, weather天气, temperature 温度, sunshine阳光
②sun 太阳, sunny晴的; cloud云, cloudy多云的; wind风, windy 刮风的; rain雨, rainy 下雨的; fog雾, foggy 下雾的; snow 雪, snowy 下雪的
④wet 潮湿的, dry 干燥的; freeze 冷冻, freezing 严寒的
hot 热的, warm 温暖的; cold 冷的, cool 凉爽的
(A) What’s the weather like today? How is the weather today?
What does the weather report forecast?
What does weatherman say for tomorrow?
What’s the weather forecast for tomorrow?
What’s the temperature today? Is the weather always like this?
(B) Have you heard the weather forecast?
It’s a nice day, isn’t it? Lovely weather, isn’t it?
It’s raining hard (heavily)! What a strong wind! It’s been cloudy all morning.
The weather has been like this for a week. We’ll have fine weather for the next few days.
It looks like rain/snow. It is said it will clear up this afternoon. It’s getting warmer/hotter/colder.
二、看病 (Seeing a doctor)
symptom: stomachache, toothache, headache,
get/catch a cold, cough, have a fever/temperature, a sore throat
drug, medicine, pill, tablet, aspirin,
lose one’s appetite, blood pressure, injection, operation,
hospital, doctor, nurse, dentist,
waiting room,. emergency room, visiting hours,
(A) What’s wrong with you? / What’s the matter with you? / What’s the trouble?
Have you taken your temperature? / How long have you been like this? / Show me your tongue.
You’ve only got a little cold. / There’s nothing serious.
Take this medicine three times a day. / Stay in bed for a few days and have a good rest. / You’ll be all right/well soon.
Give up smoking and keep on taking more exercises.
(B) I have / I’ve got a headache/cough/fever/flu/running nose.
I’ve got a sore throat/headache/stomachache.
I feel terrible/bad/horrible/awful. / I don’t feel well. / I can’t sleep well.
I’ve got a pain here. / It hurts here. / My feet/arms/hands/eyes/neck/black hurt(s).
I don’t feel like eating anything.
三、问路 (Asking the way)
way, turning, street, crossing, traffic lights, museum, cinema, restaurant, square, turn left/right, go straight to, go down, walk along, take a bus/ train/taxi, ride a bicycle, walk, on foot
(A) Excuse me, where is the men’s/ women’s room?
Excuse me, which is the way to the post office?
Excuse me, could you tell me how I can get to the railway station?
Excuse me, is it the right way to the theater?
Could you tell me where the nearest hospital is?
Could you tell me how far it is to the airport?
Which bus should I take for the city library?
(B) Go down this street and turn right at the second crossing.
Go straight ahead till you see a supermarket on your right.
The post office is behind the supermarket.
It’s about five kilometers away from here.
You can take a No. 10 bus to get there.
It is not far. / It’s about ten minutes’ from here.
Sorry. I am new here. Why not ask the policeman over there?
Sorry. I am a stranger here. You’d better ask someone else.
You’ll see/find it. / You won’t miss it.
market, shop, store, bookstore, bill, money, dollar, pound, quantity, quality, weight, size, price, cheap, dear, expensive, worth, save, charge, on sale, buy, bargain, pay, cost, spend, change, lend, borrow, clothes, shoes, frozen food, save, go shopping
(A) What can I do for you?
Anything I can do for you?
May/Can I help you?
(B) I’d like/I want a new shirt.
How much is it? / That’s too dear/expensive, I’m afraid.
How much would you like it to be?
That’s fine. I’ll take it.
(C) How many/much do you want? What color/size/kind do you want?
Do you have any other kind/size/color?
五、打电话 (Making phone calls)
dial, wrong number, calling, speaking on the line, get through, hold on, ring up, take a message, leave a message, give sb. a call, call back, etc.
(A) Hello! May/Can/Could I speak to Jim, please?
Hello! I’d like to speak to Mr. Smith.
Hello! Is that Professor Lee speaking?
Could you tell him to call me back this evening?
(B) Who’s that? / Who’s calling? / Who’s speaking? / May I ask who’s calling?
Hold on a moment. / Hang on a moment. / Hold the line, please. I’ll see if he’s in. Sorry. He isn’t here at the moment.
Can I take a message for you? / Would you like to leave a message?
I am afraid you’ve dialed the wrong number. / Sorry, you have the wrong number.
Should I tell him/her you’ll call back or do you want him/her to call you?
六、就餐与旅馆 (Taking meals & Hotels)
waiter, waitress, menu, order dishes, main course, extra food, fish, chicken, duck, sandwich, hamburger, French fries, drink, orange juice, soup, coffee, beer, salt, sugar, salad, pork, beef, steak, mutton, potato chips, delicious, well-done, half-done, tip, bill, fish and chips, restaurant, non-smoking room, single room, double room, bed, carry bags, check in, check out, room service , a little bit hungry, fresh, soap, shampoo, bar, book/reserve/make a reservation, reception desk/front desk, room number, bathroom, information desk, laundry, etc.
(A) What can I do for you? Here is the menu.
Are you ready to order? Can/May I take your order now?
What would you like to have? Would you like something to eat/drink?
Would you like some more beef?
(B) A table for two, please.
What’s special for tonight? What kind of good food do you have?
I’d like some fish and chips. I’d like some fish, chicken and some beer, please.
Give me the bill, please. / Could you give me the check, please?
It’s my treat. / It’s on me.
(C) Yes, I’d like a drink. / I’d like rice and chicken.
Can I have some more soup? Just a little, please. It’s so delicious. Thank you.
I prefer noodles to rice. / I like green tea. I’ve had enough. / I’m full, thank you.
It’s very delicious, but I can’t eat any more.
(D) Can you give me a room with a bathroom for April 8?
I have a room reserved in your hotel. The name is John Smith.
What kind of room would you like?
I’d like to book a single room facing the sea, please.
Here’s your key, sir. Room 505.
I’m checking out today, so I’d like to have my bill.
Can I have breakfast in my room? Is there a phone in the room?
(E) How long do you intend/plan/want to stay? A single room is sixteen dollars.
Children under 12 are half price. Fifty dollars a day, service/meals included.
七、职业 ( Professions )
part-time job, full-time job, doctor, nurse, artist, interviewer, manager, librarian, graduate, job as secretary, doctor and patient, teacher and student, boss and secretary, shop assistant/salesman and customer, driver and policeman, employee, engineer, player, manager, actor, actress, scientist, businessman, professor, headmaster, servant, waiter, waitress, reporter, tour guide, writer, musician, pianist, artist, poet, pilot, cook, soldier, lawyer, peasant/farmer, postman, etc.
What do you do, Peter?
What kind of work do you do?
Are you a doctor or a nurse?
I have been offered a job with a secretarial work. The job sounds great.
That is just the kind of job you are looking for.
Have you ever worked before?
Are you interested in any part-time job?
You have to work very fast and there is a lot of pressure. Are you still working? Yes, I have got an excellent job, and I enjoy it very much.
Have you made up your mind what to do after your graduation?
I have got a job as a secretary for a famous lawyer.
My mother doesn’t know I have a part-time job.
八、校园生活 (School life)
Chinese, Mathematics (Math), English, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, History, Politics, Geography, Science, Social Science, Natural Science, computer, psychology, economics, business administration, literature, music, philosophy, P. E., art, education, kindergarten, school, grade, college, university, junior, senior, graduate, degree, professor, teacher, pupil, student, monitor, librarian, office, library, lab, dining-room, playground, classroom, chalk, ink, lecture, course, subject, lesson, drop out of school, entrance exam, final examination, mid-term examination, quiz, period examination, graduation exam, oral examination, written examination, notes, love story, diary, poem, novel, legend, play, classics, best-seller, first/new edition, original edition, reprint, weekly, daily, monthly, quarterly, daily paper, evening paper, morning paper, etc.
(A) What courses are you planning/going to take?
What’s your favorite subject/sport?
When do you take your next exams?
How are you getting along with you studies?
Have you finished your homework for English?
(B) I am not used to the way of teaching and learning.
We just take notes, try to memorize the books, and get high school points.
You should learn to organize your own life and study.
You can go to teachers’ office during their office hours.
It might be a good idea to prepare some cards.
I’ve been thinking about Problem 4 for quite some time, but still can’t solve it.
You should review the related chapters before you do your homework.
Let’s put it aside and do something else. We might find an answer to it tomorrow.
Whenever I sit in the examination room, my heart beats fast, and I forget most of what I’ve learned.
(C) Can I help you?
Are these three books available? How long can I keep the books?
How long will I have to wait to get the book?
Can you show/tell me how to find...?
Can I have/Do you know the title of the book?
Do you want me to reserve it for you? What do I have to do to check out these books? What if 1 can’t finish them by then?
(D) Just a minute, I’ll see if I can find them for you. What a pity!
I’ve wanted to read it for a long time. Here’s the latest one.
I’m sorry/afraid the book you want is out/taken. You can’t take the book home. You may not keep it for over 3 weeks.
Don’t forget to return them by the due date.
九、在机场 (At the airport)
a first-class ticket, timetable, fare, book, baggage/luggage, destination, exit, way out, land, delay, boarding, upstairs, downstairs, check-in, cash, public phone, telephone, toilet, rest room, coffee shop, cafe, restaurant, bar, air hostess, pilot, take off, round-trip ticket, airport, Gate No.7, smoking section, non-smoking section, security check, direction, non-stop flight, flight number, scheduled time, actual time, duty-free shop, first class, business-class, economy class, airport fee, international airport, domestic airport, etc.
I’d like to book a one-way ticket to London, please. Are there any planes to Sydney next Friday?
Your passport, please. Can I see your boarding card?
The plane is taking off. Please fasten your seat belt.
I want to go economy, and I prefer the afternoon.
I’d like to book a flight to Beijing for Sunday the 27th.
I’ll have a look in the timetable for you.
Where do I board my plane? Here’s my ticket and seat assignment.
What time will the plane land?
May I have a pillow and blanket, please? Do you have any magazines I can read during the flight?
十、数字和时间 (numbers and time)
first, second, third, fifth, eighth, ninth, twelfth, thirteen, nineteenth, eighteen, eighty, forty, fifty, four o’clock, four to eight, decade, Monday, lunch time, quarter, half, dozen, score, fortnight, hundred, thousand, century, million, billion, inch, foot, yard, meter, mile, centimeter, kilometer, ton, kilogram, gram, square meter, cubic meter, liter, 1/3 (one-third), double, twice, three times, as big as, ten minutes late, half the price, five percent, etc.
Excuse me, what time is it? When will…start?
What time do we arrive in Beijing?
The hours are four to eight, Monday through Friday.
What time does the library open?
When are you leaving, Ann? What about Thursday?
I rang you at about ten. How about 7 o’clock?
How long will it take to...? / How much does...cost? How many/much...?
What was the number of...?
What is the lowest/highest temperature at midnight/in winter/in summer?
十一、旅游与交通 (Tourism and transportation)
go abroad, tour, travel, trip, journey, flight, luggage, map, ticket, hotel, north, southeast, tent, stranger, passenger, camp, sightseeing, tourist, tourism, umbrella, visitor/sightseer/tourist, hotel/inn, waterfall, hot spring, palace, tower, holiday, traveler, spring outing, place of interest, travel notes, tourist agency, guidebook, travelling bag, travelling expenses, go hunting, go fishing, go camping, go hiking, go skiing, go for a drive ride, around-the-world tour, space travel, the post office, the railway station, the zoo, the theater, the nearest hospital, the airport, on foot, at the second crossing, by bike, by plane/air, by motor-cycle, take subway, etc.
(A) From this Friday on, we’ll have a seven-day holiday.
What’s your plan for it?
Where do you want to go?
It’s the best season for a trip. I want to go to lakes or big rivers.
Let’s book train tickets right now.
(B) Is your bike in good condition? Anything else do we need? Let’s set out.
How far do we have to go yet?
(C) Have you got everything with you?
Where shall we have our picnic? Let’s go and find a more pleasant place.
(D) What a beautiful beach!
Let’s run about on the beach for some time and then swim in the sea.
If we dig into the sand, we can find better ones. Shall we go swimming now?
I want to lie on the sand and take a short rest.
(E) Where shall we camp? I don’t like camping in the woods.
Did you have a sound sleep last night? Last night, I was trying hard to feel the nature with all my senses.
十二、请求与允许 (Requests and asking for permission)
wonder, mind, permission, ask for permission, give permission, do me a favor, give me a hand, offer help, go ahead, etc.
(A) Can/Could I use your telephone? Is it all right if I sit here?
Can/Could/Will/Would you please give me a hand/do me a favor?
Can/Could/Would you do it for me? Could you lend me some money?
(B) Yes./Sure./Certainly. / Yes, please. /Of course (you may). / Go ahead, please.
That’s OK./All right./ Not at all. I’d love to.../ I’d be glad to. I am afraid I can’t.
I’m sorry, it’s not allowed./You’d better not.
I’m sorry, but you can smoke in the next room.
十三、劝告与建议 (Advice and suggestions)
invite, suggest, advise, consider, with pleasure ,would like, seem like, had better, good idea, etc.
(A)You should/ought to listen to and read English every day.
You’d better go to see the doctor.
If I were you I’d phone him now. You need to buy a Chinese-English dictionary.
Don’t rush/hurry/push. / Please stand in line.
Give it a try. / Come on. You can do it.
Let’s see some action. / Things will work out in the end./Calm down./Keep cool.
Why not join us in the party? What/How about going to the cinema instead?
(B) Sounds good to me. / That will be OK with me.
Good idea. / That’s a good idea.
That sounds like a good idea. I think your suggestion is acceptable.
十四、消遣约会 (Recreation and making appointments)
appointment, free, engagement, date, arrange, fix, intend, hope, in the future, make an appointment, change an appointment, keep an appointment, have an appointment with sb., cancel an appointment, reschedule an appointment, postpone/put off an appointment, call on, be engaged, to confirm an appointment
(A) Will you be free tomorrow? Do you have time this afternoon?
How about tomorrow morning? When/Where shall we meet?
Could we meet at 4:30? Let’s make it 4:30.
What time is convenient for you?
I’d like to make an appointment with Mr. Jones.
(B) Yes, I’ll be free then. All right. See you then.
I’m afraid I have no time then.
Sorry, I won’ t be free then. But I’ll be free on…
十五、日常生活 (Daily life)
living room, kitchen, bathroom, brush teeth, mirror, clothes, dress, umbrella, shower, factory, office, bank, wallet, rent, haircut, birthday, go to the cinema, film, housework, tidy, sweep, cook, furniture, fridge, table, chair, radio, television, watch television, tired, bed, make the bed, go to bed...
(A) Could you tell me if/when/how much/why...?
I wonder if you could tell me...?
I’d like to know... I’d like some information about...
I’m afraid I don’t know... I’ve no idea. I’m afraid...
(B) How about going for a walk?
How much is it? Can you make it cheaper?
You are wanted on the phone. I wonder if I could park here.
There is a call for you. Would you please not smoke here?
(C) May I have your name, please?
Please make yourself at home. You’ve got it.
十六、家庭与朋友 (Family and friends)
home, family, granny, parent, father, dad, mother, mum, husband, wife, child, daughter, brother, sister, aunt, uncle, cousin, nephew, niece, twin, people, friend, guest, neighbors...
十七、文娱与体育 (Entertainment and sports)
game, Olympic Games, match, sports meeting, team, football, basketball, volley-ball, table tennis, tennis, swim, skate, race, run, jump, chess, ticket, film, cinema, club, theatre, concert, dance, music, piano, violin...
(A) What are your hobbies? I play golf. Do you have any hobbies?
What do you do when you have free time?
Nothing much. I like to watch movies.
I enjoy watching movies. What kind of movies do you like? Any kind. You’re a good pianist.
(B) You play the piano well. What kind of sports do you like?
How long have you been skiing?
I just like to watch. Do you play baseball? No, I just like to watch.
I only watch. I’m a baseball fan. I’m a fan of baseball.
subject, class, course, lesson, biology, chemistry, composition, computer, law, language, maths, physics, each, study, learn, review, write, read, knowledge, text, exercise, dictation, examination, test, fail, pass, experiment, diary, dictionary, ink, magazine, rubber, newspaper, paper, pen, pencil, ruler...
(A) What are your interests? I’m interested in art. What are you interested in?
What kind of things are you interested in? What do you like?
(C) I’ve never done that before. That was the first time for me.
Have you ever traveled abroad? Yes, twice. Have you been overseas?
Where have you been? I’ve been to the U.S. and Germany.
Where do you want to go next? No place particular.