英语四级听力解题技巧及真题示例

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英语四级听力解题技巧及真题示例


之前讲授其篇幅及题材的特点决定了其设题的特点,即综合了短对话与短文的一些特点。

本文将详细阐述长对话题型的考查重点。

  设题主要侧重于以下几个方面:

  1)就谈论的话题进行提问

  2)就地点人物进行提问

  3)就行为方式或目的的原因进行提问

  4)就说话人的观点态度及建议进行提问

  5)就说话人对事实细节的理解及应用进行提问

  一、主旨题

  主旨题考查对长对话大意的把握,一般是对话的第一题或最后一题。常见提问方式为:

  What are the two speakers talking about/discussing?

  What is the conversation mainly about?

  What is the main topic of the conversation?

  Why does sb.call sb?

  1)概括的是解。(抽象概括性词语或包含其他选项。)

  2)对话开头结尾寻解。

  3)包含首句的重点单词或同义转述为解。

  4)注意重复的词语或内容。

  5)根据各题选项推测主题。

  二、细节题

  长对话的主要题型是细节 题,出现频率是最高的,细节题包罗万象,而长对话信息量大又增添了记忆细节的难度,因此,把握细节成了长对话的难点。对于长对话来说,做到有重点地听十分 重要。第一,它可以帮助考生建立信心,有准备地听,减少对话“长”带来的压力。第二,长对话对细节的记忆能力要求较高,有重点地听可以减轻对细节进行记忆 的压力。为了帮助集中注意力,尽量最准确地获得细节信息,避免听懂了没记住的可能,考生应该在听的过程中做记录。

  1)注意问答处,关注回答者。

  2)注意与主题相关的细节。

  三、推断题

  推断题考查考生在听懂对话内容的基础上,根据对话的内含、关键词、上下文、语气等,利用逻辑推理、判断、归纳去领会说话人的真实含义的能力。常见提问方式为:

  What does the man mean/suggest?

  What does the woman imply?

  What can be inferred/concluded from the conversation?

  What do we learn from the conversation?

  1)听到的往往不是解。

  2)注意表示逻辑关系的词或短语。

  解题对策

  1)通过几个题目选项,注意相同或相关词语的重复出现,预先确定对话内容及发展方向。

  2)出题顺序与对话发展基本一致,依次预测方向。

  3)长对话开头结尾句很可能是主题句,所以务必要留意。

  4)如对话采用问答式地访问或交谈形式,注意关注回答者的表述。(有问必有答)

  5)科普性质,行动计划,活动安排类对话,一定注意谈话中的条件限制。

  6)个别生词听不懂没关系,掌握大局才是关键。

  7)出题处常见:中间问答处;结尾处;开头处;对话中逻辑关系处;对话中比较处;时间数字处;信息集中处出题。

  19. [A] She was a bank manager.

  [B] She was a victim of the robbery.

  [C] She was a defense lawyer.

  [D] She was a witness to the crime.

  20. [A] A tall man with dark hair and a moustache.

  [B] A youth with a distinguishing mark on his face.

  [C] A thirty-year-old guy wearing a light sweater.

  [D] A medium-sized young man carrying a gun.

  21. [A] Identify the suspect from pictures.

  [B] Go upstairs to sign some document.

  [C] Have her photo taken for their files.

  [D] Verify the record of what she had said.

  真题练习

  Questions 19 to 22 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  19. A) The hotel clerk had put his reservation under another name.

  B) The hotel clerk insisted that he didn’t make any reservation.

  C) The hotel clerk tried to take advantage of his inexperience.

  D) The hotel clerk couldn’t find his reservation for that night.

  20. A) A grand wedding was being held in the hotel.

  B) There was a conference going on in the city.

  C) The hotel was undergoing major repairs.

  D) It was a busy season for holiday-makers.

  21. A) It was free of charge on weekends.

  B) It had a 15% discount on weekdays.

  C) It was offered to frequent guests only.

  D) It was 10% cheaper than in other hotels.

  22. A) Demand compensation from the hotel.

  B) Ask for an additional discount.

  C) Complain to the hotel manager.

  D) Find a cheaper room in another hotel.

  【答案】

  19. What is the man’s problem? (D)

  20. Why did the hotel clerk say they didn’t have any rooms for that night? (B)

  21. What did the clerk say about the breakfast in the hotel? (A)

  22. What did the man imply he would do at the end of the conversation? (C)

  【原文】

  -Hello, I have a reservation for tonight.

  -Your name, please?

  -Nelson, Charles Nelson.

  -Ok, Mr. Nelson, that’s a room for 5 and …

  -Excuse me? You mean a room for 5 pounds? I didn’t know the special was so good.

  -No, no, no, according to our records, a room for 5 guests was booked under your name.

  -No, no, hold on. You must have two guests under the name.

  -OK, let me check this again. Oh, here we are.

  -Yes?

  -Charles Nelson, a room for one for the nineteen…

  -Wait, wait, it was for tonight, not tomorrow night.

  -Ehm, hmm, I don’t think we have any rooms for tonight. There is a conference going on in town and, er, let’s see, yeah, no rooms.

  -Oh, come on, you must have something, anything!

  -Well, let, let me check my computer here. Ah!

  -What?

  -There has been a cancelation for this evening. A honeymoon suite is now available.

  -Great, I’ll take it.

  -But I’ll have to charge you a hundred and fifty pounds for the night.

  -What? I should get a discount for the inconvenience!

  -Well, the best I can give you is a 10% discount, plus a ticket for a free continental breakfast.

  -Hey, isn’t the breakfast free anyway?

  -Well, only on weekends.

  -I want to talk to the manager.

  -Wait, wait, wait, Mr. Nelson, I think I can give you an additional 15% discount!

  Questions 23 to 25 are based on the conversation you have just heard.

  23. A) An employee in the city council at Birmingham.

  B) Assistant Director of the Admissions Office.

  C) Head of the Overseas Students Office.

  D) Secretary of Birmingham Medical School.

  24. A) Nearly fifty percent are foreigners.

  B) About fifteen percent are from Africa.

  C) A large majority are from Latin America.

  D) A small number are from the Far East.

  25. A) She will have more contact with students.

  B) It will bring her capability into fuller play.

  C) She will be more involved In policy-making.

  D) It will be less demanding than her present job.

  【答案】

  23. What is the woman’s present position? (B)

  24. What do we learn about the post graduates enrolled last year in the woman’s university? (A)

  25. What will the woman’s new job be like? (C)

  【原文】

  -Sarah, you work in the admission’s office, don’t you?

  -Yes, I’m, I’ve been here 10 years as an assistance director.

  -Really? What does that involve?

  -Well, I’m in charge of all the admissions of post graduate students in the university.

  -Only post graduates?

  -Yes, post graduates only. I have nothing at all to do with undergraduates.

  -Do you find that you get a particular...sort of different national groups? I mean you get larger numbers from Latin America or…

  -Yes, well, of all the students enrolled last year, nearly half were from overseas. They were from the Afican countries, the far east, the middle east and Latin America.

  -Ehm, but have you been doing just that for the last 10 years or have you done other things?

  -Well, I’ve been doing the same job, ehm, before that I was a secretary of the medical school at Birmingham, and further back I worked in the local government.

  -Oh, I see.

  -So I’ve done different types of things.

  -Yes, indeed. How do you imagine your job might develop in the future? Can you imagine shifting into a different kind of responsibility or doing something…?

  -Oh, yeah, from October 1st I’ll be doing an entirely different job. There is going to be more committee work. I mean, more policy work, and less dealing with students unfortunately. I’ll miss my contact with students.









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