干货丨100组雅思听力阅读必备同义词替换

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楼主 2019-08-12 16:35:26
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学了英语就知道,同义词,背多少都不嫌多。

下面是100组经典同义词,雅思听力和阅读很可能用到,先存起来!


1. ignore=pay no attention=not pay any attention=take no notice=not take any notice 忽略,无视 v.


2. encounter=face=confront=meet 遇见,遭遇 v.


3. mistaken view=misconception 错误的观点 n.


4. easy to reach=accessible 容易达到的 adj.


5. change=modify(modification) 改变 v.


6. destruction=destroy=loss 毁坏 n.


7. investigate=make inquiries=enquiries=go into=probe=look into 调查 v.


8. where=geographical location 表示地点 adv.


9. important=vital=essential=crucial 重要的 adj.


10. reason=cause=factor=origins=root=stimulus

=impetus 原因 n.


11. protect=guard=safeguard=shield=conservation 

保护 v.


12. newspapers, television=media 媒体 n.


13. where to live=habitat 居住地 n.


14. get warmer=global warming 变暖 n.


15. contribute to=play a part 有助于 v.


16. survive=continuing existence 幸存,活下来 v.


17. curriculum=course=syllabus 课程 n.


18. link to=be connected with=be linked with 

把…和…相联系 v.


19. underdeveloped=degenerated=rudimentary 

不发达的 adj.


20. poor=bad=badly=not very good

=no good at something=weak 贫穷的,可怜的 adj.


21. exceptional=good=excellent=outstanding

=brilliant=impressive=admirable 超常的,例外的 adj.


22. mating=courtship 交配 n.


23. follow=track=tail=shadow=hound=stalk=stalker 跟随,跟踪 v.


24. good vision ability=vision is obviously more useful… 好的视力


25. best=well=greatest=finest=ideal=top=number one =ultimate=optimum=definitive=unsurpassed=record-breaking 极好的 adj.


26. surprised=amazed=astonished=astounded=be taken aback=startled 感到惊讶的 adj.


27. volunteer=subject 实验研究对象 n.


28. similar=resemble=like=alike 相似的 adj.


29. blind=can not see 瞎的 adj.


30. initiative=on your own/by yourself=independently=on your own initiative=under your own steam=to be the person who starts something=plan=law 主动的,自发的 adj. 主动权 n.


31. increase=go up=rise=grow=climb=gain

=escalate=pick up=widen=be on the increase=intensify=expand=build up 上升,增加 v.


32. teach=educate=train=coach=instruct=bring up 

教学 v.


33. more than one language=bilingual

=sb’s second language 多种语言 n.


34. determine=establish=identify=pinpoint=diagnose 决定 v.


35. young people=teenager=youth=in your teens=adolescent=minor 年轻人 n.


36. community=all the people in a particular area, city, country 群体,团体,社区 n.


37. traditional=old-fashioned=outdated

=outmoded=unfashionable 传统的 adj.


38. fail=failure=not succeed=unsuccessful=vain=fruitless

=unproductive=be a failure=go wrong=not work

=do no good=fall through 失败 adj.


39. endanger=to put someone or something in danger of being hurt=dameged=destroyed 危及,使危险 v.


40. diverse=varied=variety=wide-ranging=mixed 各种各样的 adj.


41. inevitable=certain to happen and impossible to avoid 不可避免的 adj.


42. differ from=unusual 与…不同 v.


43. reluctant=unwilling=not willing=drag your feet=be loath to do something=conservative 勉强的 adj.


44. consult=ask somebody's advice=seek advice

=get/obtain advice 咨询 v.


45. alternative=another=other=different=new

=else=variation=variant 另一个 adj.


46. therapist=someone who has been trained to give a particular form of treatment for physical or mental illness 临床医学家 n.


47. retrain=taking courses 再教育 v.


48. salary=pay=wage=income=earnings=fee 工资,收入 n.


49. long-term=chronic=long-running=long-standing

=lasting=lifelong=prolonged=lingering=enduring

=abiding 持久的,长期的 adj.


50. complaint=complain=make a complaint=protest=object=complain 抱怨 n.


51. illness=disease=virus=bug=infection 疾病 n.


52. connection=relationship=link=correlation 联系 n.


53. beneficial=be good for you=do somebody good=wholesome=nutritious=nourishing=healthful 有益的 adj.


54. insight=comprehension=understanding 理解,见解 n.


55. physical=relating to the body=bodily 身体的 adj.


56. hazard=risk=danger=threat 障碍,危险 n.


57. accompany=with=together=along with=come with 陪伴,伴随 v.


58. mental=relating to the health or state of someone's mind 精神上的,心理的 adj.


59. possible=possibility=can=potential=there is a chance/possibility 可能的 adj.


60. reduction=decrease=drop=fall=cut 减少 n.


61. class=type=kind=sort=style=category=variety 种类 n.


62. rehearsal=practice=training=run-through=exercise 排练,演习 n.


63. peer=your peers are the people who are the same age as you, or who have the same type of job, social class etc. 同伴 n.


64. defensive=used or intended to protect someone or something against attack 防御 n.


65. strategy=way=method=approach

=technique=system=tactics 方法,功略 n.


66. assist=help=aid=with the aid of 帮助 v.


67. specific=give (somebody) more details=expand on=enlarge on=go into more=greater detail=be more specific=be more explicit=elaborate 特定的 adj.


68. substance=a particular type of solid, liquid, or gas 物质 n.


69. surroundings=environment=circumstance 环境 n.


70. engage=give somebody a job=employ=take on=appoint=recruit=sign up 雇佣 v.


71. combine=mix=stir=beat=blend=whisk=dilute 联合 v.


72. survival=the state of continuing to live or exist 幸存 n.


73. quotation=a sentence or phrase from a book, speech etc. which you repeat in a speech or piece of writing because it is interesting or amusing 引言 n.


74. exemplify=example=case=instance=to be a very typical example of something=to give an example of something 例证 v.


75. explain=tell=say what/why/where etc.=show=demonstrate=go through=throw/shed light on=set out 解释 v.


76. outline=to describe something in a general way, giving the main points but not the details 概述 v.


77. purpose=aim=point=idea=objective

=object=goal=target=end 目的 n.


78. encourage=persuade=persuasion=get somebody to do something=influence=encourage=talk somebody into=put somebody up to 鼓励 v.


79. loan=an amount of money that you borrow from a bank etc. 贷款 n.


80. poverty=being poor 贫穷 n.


81. crime=illegal activities in general 犯罪 n.


82. reject=to refuse to accept, believe in, or agree with something 拒绝 v.


83. employ=give somebody a job=take on=engage=appoint=recruit=sign up 雇佣 v.


84. courier=a person or company that is paid to take packages somewhere 快递员 n.


85. storage=keep=store=keep something in storage=preserve 存储 n.


86. facility=rooms, equipment, or services that are provided for a particular purpose 设备 n.


87. ambitious=ambition=power-hungry/power-mad=competitive=determined to be successful, rich, powerful etc. 有志向的,雄心壮志的 adj.


88. effort=to try very hard to do something=attempt=campaign=drive 努力 n.


89. feature=a part of something that you notice because it seems important, interesting, or typical; a part of the land, especially a part that you can see; a part of someone's face, such as their eyes, nose etc. 特点 n.


90. planet=the world=earth=the globe 地球 n.


91. unpredictable=can't say/tell=unforeseeable=it remains to be seen 无法预测的 adj.


92. machinery=machines, especially large ones=a system or set of processes for doing something=machine=device=robot=appliance=mechanism 机械 n.


93. ultimate=someone's ultimate aim is their main and most important aim, that they hope to achieve in the future=final 最终的,根本的 adj.


94. atmosphere=the feeling that an event or place gives you=the mixture of gases that surrounds the Earth 气氛; 大气 n.


95. occur=happen=take place=there is=come about=come up=turn up=arise=strike 发生 v.


96. expand=get bigger=grow=swell up=stretch 扩张,扩大 v.


97. form=type=way something is/appears=shape 形式 n.


98. emerge=appear=become visible=come into view/come into sight=come out=reappear 出现 v.


99. emit=to send out gas, heat, light, sound etc. 发出,放射 n.


100. situation=circumstances=position=case=plight 情况,状况 n.


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