听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1.Which does Sam like best in the zoo?
A. Pandas.B. Lions.C. Bears.
2. How does the woman usually go shopping?
A. By car.B. On foot.C. By bus.
3. What did the man think of his stay in London?
A. It was just so-so.B. He enjoyed it very much.C. He thought it was terrible.
4. How was the man when the earthquake happened?
A. He was worried.B. He was ill.C. He was happy.
5. Where has the woman probably been?
A. To a forest.B. To a mountain.C. To a seaside town.
听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 、7 题。
6. What can we learn from the conversation?
A. People in the town throw rubbish everywhere.
B. Another rubbish plant will be set up.
C. The plant can deal with much rubbish every day.
7. Which description is RIGHT according to the conversation?
A. There is only one way to deal with rubbish and waste.
B. There are many ways to deal with rubbish and waste.
C. People are engaged in finding out solutions to deal with rubbish and waste.
听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 10 题。
8. What was the woman doing when the sandstorm struck?
A. She was having a rest at home.
B. She was riding a bike in the street.
C. She was working in the office.
9. How long does it take the woman to go to the post office usually?
A. About fifteen minutes. B. About half an hour. C. About an hour.
10. How many people were injured in the accidents?
A. Three.B. More than three.C. None.
听第 8 段材料，回答第 11 至 13 题。
11.What are they talking about?
A. Pollution.B. Acid rain (酸雨).C. The forests.
12. How does the pollution spread?
A. By wind.B. By rain.C. By rivers.
13. What is the serious result of the acid rain?
A. The water will be polluted.
B. The mountains will be polluted.
C. All the forests in the world may be dead.
听第 9 段材料，回答第 14 至 16 题。
14. How does John describe the land his father bought?
A. The land had never been used when his father bought it.
B. The land in the eastern Australia was full of people.
C. There were few animals on the land.
15. How long did it take to change in eastern Australia?
A. 10 years.B. 14 years.C. 4 years.
16. What did people believe to cause the problem?
A. The weather.
B. The farmers and miners.
C. The mice.
听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。
17. Where are the Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands (湿地)?
A. In the east of China.
B. In the south of China.
C. In the west of China.
18. When is the World Wetlands Day?
A. On April 22. B. On March 22. C. On February 2.
19. Why must we protect wetlands?
A. Because they are home to wildlife (野生生物).
B. Because they can offer food to animals and birds.
C. Both A and B are right.
20. What is the best title for the passage?
A. China's Wetlands Have All Entered the Worlds List
B. Wetlands—Home to Wildlife and Human Beings
C. Wetlands—Valuable Resources（珍贵资源）of Land on the Earth
W: Which do you like best in the zoo, Sam? The lions?
M: No. My brother likes them. I like the pandas best.
W: Me, too.
M: Do you often go shopping by car?
W: Hardly ever, I don’t need to. The shopping mall is within walking distance.
M: Well, you’re lucky. The nearest supermarket I can go to is about five miles away.
W: Did you enjoy your stay in London?
M: It was all right. I suppose, apart from the rain, the fog, the pollution and the crowds. Of course everything is terribly expensive and the food is awful...
W: What did you do during the earthquake?
M: I stayed in bed.
W: What do you mean? Didn’t you try to run outside?
M: No, I had a bad headache.
W: You don’t know how worried we were in the hotel. The hurricane (飓风) was so terrible.
M: I can imagine that. It was reported that many of the houses near the seaside were blown down. Luckily no one was hurt.
W: So we came back as soon as it was fine. I’ll never go there again.
M: What a lot of rubbish and waste! I just wonder how people can deal with these things every day.
W: Don’t worry. There are many ways of dealing with them. I hear that a big rubbish plant is being built near our town.
M: A rubbish plant? To produce rubbish or to deal with rubbish?
W: To deal with rubbish, of course.
M: How much rubbish can it deal with each day?
W: Maybe 3,000 tons. I’m not sure.
M: I hope the plant will not bring about other pollution.
W: I don’t think it will. I’m sure things will get better after the plant is built.
M: I hope so.
W: Where were you when the sandstorm struck yesterday afternoon?
M: I was at home. I was off work yesterday. What about you?
W: I was caught in it. I was riding a bike in the street when I noticed brown clouds coming from the northwest. Soon it was blowing hard, and it became very dark.
M: So what did you do?
W: It was impossible to ride any more. So I walked. But there was so much dust in the air that it was very difficult to breathe. And it was so difficult to walk in the wind. It took me nearly half an hour to get to the post office, but usually it takes not more than fifteen minutes.
M: How did you feel in the sandstorm?
W: Very frightened. I had never been caught in such a bad one. All the vehicles moved very slowly in it, but still there were accidents.
M: That’s true. It is said that three car accidents happened during this sandstorm and all of the cars were slightly damaged, but luckily there were no deaths or injuries because they were moving very slowly.
W: The government must do something to stop sandstorms.
M: I understand that many trees are dying.
W: That’s right. There is a huge amount of pollution in the air. Pollution kills trees, plants, even animals.
M: Where does the pollution come from?
W: Well, some of it comes from factories. Some of it comes from cars and trucks.
M: How does pollution spread?
W: The wind carries it. It spreads it far away from the place where it began. When it rains, the pollution in the air comes back down. We call that acid rain（酸雨）.
M: Why is acid rain a bad thing?
W: Acid rain is killing whole forests. It's poisoning the soil. It's poisoning our lakes and rivers.
M: Is acid rain a serious problem?
W: Absolutely. Some scientists believe that in twenty years all the great forests of the world may be dead.
W: Good morning, everyone. I’d like to introduce our guest to you, John Watson. We’re delighted to have John with us today to share his views on protecting the environment.
M: Thank you, Angela. It’s nice to be here. When I was seven years old, back in the 1940s, my father bought a large piece of land in eastern Australia. The excellent thing about it was that it was completely natural. But this kind of country doesn’t exist anymore.
W: What do you mean by that?
M: Well ... let me explain. We went to live there when I was 10. When I was 12, the foxes and cats appeared. And by the time I was 14, there were no native animals left.
W: You mean within 4 years, all the native animals had gone?
M: That’s exactly what I mean. But it took a while for people to realize what was going on.
W: So you’re saying that it was the cats and the foxes that killed off the native animals?
M: Completely right! But back in the 1970s people didn’t realize it. Even though Australia was losing wildlife faster than the rest of the world, people were blaming the farmers and miners, but not their lovely little cats! And what’s more, they didn’t want to know!
There are many wetlands（湿地）in China and some of them have become the world‘s important wetlands. The Chinese Yellow Sea Wetlands are among them. They are in Yancheng, Jiangsu Province. They are home for many different kinds of birds and animals. The world’s largest Milu Deer Nature Reserve（自然保护区）is in them. More than 700 milu deer live freely there. There are not many red-crowned cranes in the world, but every winter you can see some in the Red-crowned Cranes Nature Reserve in the Yellow Sea Wetlands.
The temperature in the wetlands is usually neither too high nor too low. There is a lot of rain and sunshine, too. They are really good places for wildlife（野生生物）. Offering food and home for some special kinds of animals and birds is not the only reason why we need to protect wetlands. Wetlands are important because they also prevent flood. But some people want to change the wetlands to make more space for farms and buildings. This means there will be less and less space for wildlife.
Luckily, more and more people are beginning to realize the important of wetlands and wildlife. Every year, on February 2nd, many activities are held to tell people more about wetlands.
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