塔塔叫你听听力啦

-回复 -浏览
楼主 2018-11-07 14:06:05
举报 只看此人 收藏本贴 楼主

听力丨阅读丨单词丨语法丨作文

关注塔塔丨让英语成为习惯,让学习成为朋友


今天安利的听力素材是BBC六分钟英语,顾名思义时长为6分钟左右。

BBC六分钟英语每个视频都有一个主题,举例

(向上滑动查看内容)

听力内容:

Neil: Welcome to 6 Minute English, the programme where we bring you an interesting topic and six useful words or phrases. I'm Neil.

欢迎收听英语六分钟节目,在本期节目中,我们会为您带来有趣的话题,并学习一些新的词汇和短语。我是尼尔。


Dan: And I'm Dan. Today we're talking about one of the last mysteries of science. No, not if the universe will keep expanding forever, but this: how do cats and dogs find their way home over long distances?

我是丹。今天我们将探索一个科学界的未解之谜。但是如果宇宙不停地膨胀下去,那这将不是未解之谜了。那就是:猫和狗是怎样从很远的地方找到回家的路的呢?


Neil: We hear incredible stories of lost pets travelling tens and even hundreds of miles home – but scientists struggle to explain how they do it.

我们时常听到这样的故事,很多走丢的宠物能够从几十甚至几百英里以外的地方走回家。但科学家似乎还不能解释它们是如何找回家的。


Dan: We'll hear the view of one scientist today. But before that – I have to ask an important question: Neil, are you a cat person or a dog person?

今天我们将听到一位科学家观点。但是在那之前,我需要问你一个重要问题,尼尔,你是猫奴还是狗奴?


Neil: Oh, that's easy – I'm a cat person, for sure. Dogs are just a… well, they are hard work, aren't they?

简单,我是个猫奴。狗不太好养,不是吗?


Dan: If you say you are 'a cat person' it means you prefer cats. 'A coffee person' prefers coffee. A 'something' person likes or prefers that thing, often over another thing.

如果你说你是个猫奴,那就是说你很喜欢猫。“coffee person”就是喜欢喝咖啡的人。一个“……人”就是说这个人喜欢这个东西,通常是最喜欢这个东西。


Neil: Back to the topic, I'm a cat person. But can you answer this, Dan? Recently, a cat called Omar made headlines for being, possibly, the world's longest cat. How long is Omar? Is it…a) 120 cm b) 80 cm Or c) 180 cm

回到今天的话题上。我很喜欢猫。但是丹你能回答一下这个问题么?最近一只叫Omar的猫登上了头条,似乎是因为它是世界上最长的猫。它有多长呢?A 120厘米 B 80厘米 C 180厘米


Dan: I'm gonna say c) 180 cm.

我猜是C 180厘米


Neil: Now, from long cats to long-distance cats. Scientists were scratching their heads a couple of years ago when a lost cat called Holly travelled 200 miles to get home. How did it do it?

说完了身体很长的猫,再来说说长途猫。几年前一只叫Holly的猫长途跋涉了200英里,回到了家里。这让科学家们百思不得其解。它究竟是如何做到的呢?


Dan: We say you 'scratch your head' when you are confused about something. There are a few theories about how cats and dogs navigate – but we don't yet have the full answer.

“scratch your head”是指对某事感到困惑。有很多理论研究是关于猫和狗是如何回到家里的,但是我们还没有从中找到满意的答案。


Neil: Well, both cats and dogs have an extremely powerful sense of smell, of course. Smells are like signposts – they let you know where you are. Visual landmarks also play a role, just as they do with humans. A landmark is something very easily recognised – a big building or mountain for example.

猫和狗的嗅觉能力很强。嗅觉就相当于指示牌,可以让他们知道自己在哪;可视化路标也起到了重要的作用,就像人类一样,路标很容易被识别,比如一幢大楼或一座山。


Dan: And what about this one: magnets are pieces of metal which attract certain other kinds of metal - for example, iron or steel. The Earth itself has a magnetic force.

那这个呢:磁铁属于金属,但它可以吸引其他金属,比如铁或者钢。地球本身也有磁力。


Neil: Birds use it to help them navigate over thousands of miles – it tells them where north is. It's thought they have some iron in their beaks.

鸟儿们用磁力导航,飞行数千英里——磁力可以告诉它们哪边是北方。有人说它们嘴里的某些物质是铁质的。


Dan: But some scientists think mammals also have this capability.

但有些科学家认为哺乳类动物也有这种能力。


Neil: So we have a few ideas – smell, landmarks, magnetic forces – but can we explain how one kitty travelled over 200 miles by itself back to its home?

那么我们有点思路了,嗅觉、路标、磁力——但是如何解释一只猫能够独自徒步200多英里回到家呢?


Dan: Let's hear from cat and dog expert Dr John Bradshaw. How do cats build up the maps in their heads?

来听听猫犬专家约翰·布拉德肖博士怎么说。猫咪是如何在大脑中构建地图的?


What they do when they are in a new territory is explore it in a very systematic way. So they will go out in ever-increasing circles, they'll literally construct a mental map in their heads. And so a cat that's lost its territory probably does the same thing. They'll rely on the idea that if they go out in ever-increasing circles or rectangles then eventually they'll either come across the territory or they'll come across a smell carried on the wind of the territory that they used to live in and then be able to go home.

它们会在陌生领域用一种非常系统化的方式探索周围环境。因此它们会以圆圈的形式不断扩大活动范围,然后在头脑中构建一张虚拟地图。一只猫离开自己领地也可能会做同样的事情。它们会依靠这种想法:如果他们以圆圈或矩形的形式不断扩大活动范围,那么他们最终可能会找到自己的领土或者闻到风中带有它们之前居住地的气味,然后找回家。


Dan: Cats have a systematic approach – which means they use a system. Which is: first they walk around their area in a small circle, then a bigger one and then a bigger one – until they have a strong mental map of the place.

猫有一种系统的方式,也就是说它们使用的是一种系统。首先,他们会在一个小圆圈里活动,然后圆圈不断扩大,直到他们在头脑中勾画出这个地方的地图。


Neil: Yes – a mental map is a map in your head – stored in your memory. And the area cats explore – their home area - is called their territory. Cats are territorial – which means their territory is very important to them.

是的,mental map是指你头脑中的地图,保存在你的记忆中。猫所探索的地区,也就是它们的家所在的地区——它们的领地。猫是很有领土意识的,领地对它们来说非常重要。


Dan: Having a map is great, but what happens when a cat gets lost? Dr Bradshaw says that again, it moves around in bigger and bigger circles, until it finds a clue – which is a landmark or a smell – that tells it where it is. Well, that's the theory. Though Dr Bradshaw says we really still don't have enough data – that's enough information about this.

脑海里的地图是很有用。但如果一只猫走丢了呢?布拉德肖博士也说了,猫会不断扩大活动范围,直到发现线索——一个路标,或一种气味,然后知道自己所处的位置。就是这样的理论。即使布拉德肖博士表示我们还没有充足的证据,但这些信息足以回答那个问题了。


Neil: When there is a scientific breakthrough - we'll bring it to you in 6 Minute English, I hope. For now, let's content ourselves with Omar, possibly, the world's longest cat. How long, Dan?

如果科学有了新的重大发现,我们会在英语六分钟节目中告知您。现在,我们来谈谈Omar,这只世界最长的猫。它有多长呢?丹?


Dan: I said 180 cm.

我说的是180厘米。


Neil: Omar measures 120 cm – that's over two thirds of my height – and weighs a heavy 14 kg.

Omar身长120厘米,都超过我身高的三分之二了。它重达14公斤。


Dan: Well, one thing, Neil, if Omar ever got lost, he'd be found in no time.

哇,这样的话,尼尔,要是Omar走丢了,它一定能立刻被找到。


Neil: He's a landmark in himself! Which reminds me – let's run through today's words again. If you're a cat person, you prefer cats. If you're an evening person – you prefer evenings.

它自己就是个路标。这个词给我提了个醒,我们来回顾一下今天的单词。如果你是个cat person,说明你更喜欢猫,如果你是个evening person,说明你更喜欢夜晚。


Dan: I've always thought you were a kind person, Neil.

尼尔,我一直觉得你是个善良的人。


Neil: Nice of you to say, but we only use the phrase with nouns, not adjectives!

很高兴,你能这样说。但是这个词组只能用作名词,不能用作形容词!


Dan: Indeed. We don't want the listeners to be scratching their heads.

确实。我们不想让听众挠头。


Neil: No, we can't confuse them! So let's explain the next one clearly – a landmark is something easily recognisable that lets you know where you are. The bridges in London are landmarks.

是的,我们不能让他们感到困惑。下一个词一定要解释清楚,landmark是某种易识别的、让你知道你所在地方的标志。伦敦的桥就是路标。


Dan: And can we say the parks are magnets in summer? A magnet is a piece of metal that attracts iron and steel – but we can also use the word more widely to describe things that attract other things. Two more words: territory is a noun – the area of land that an animal considers to be its own.

我们能不能说夏天的公园是磁铁呢?磁铁是一种可以吸引铁和钢等物质的金属——但我们可以将这个词的用法扩展一下,用来表示吸引其他事物的东西。还有两个词,territory是个名词——动物认为这片区域是自己的领地。


Neil: Animals who feel this strongly are described as territorial. Humans can be too – about land or subjects they feel they own or control.

有强烈领土意识的动物可以用territorial(有地盘意识的、领地性的)来形容。人类对自己所拥有或掌控的领土或事物也有这样的意识。


Dan: And finally systematic: the adjective from system. We can talk about a systematic approach, a systematic solution, a systematic study…

最后一个词是systematic系统的,是system(系统)的形容词。我们可以说系统的方法,系统的解决方案,系统研究……


Neil: And we have systematically worked our way through all of today's words!

今天我们已经系统地浏览了所有单词!


Dan: Very good! Which means – it's time mention our own online territory – our website and social media pages.

非常好!这也意味着该提一下我们在网上的地盘儿了:官网、以及社交网站。


Neil: Check us out on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and YouTube, and of course bbclearningenglish. com!

欢迎大家访问我们的Facebook、Twitter、Instagram以及YouTube主页,当然还有bbclearningenglish. com网站!


Dan: Bye bye for now.

再见!


Neil: Good Bye!

再见!


6 Minute English from the BBC.

BBC英语六分钟。


6分钟英语每周更新一次两人对话,就一个话题展开6分钟左右的交谈,最后会有问题让你回答


对话使用纯正的英式英语,覆盖科技、文化、艺术、经济等领域,都是跟实际生活相关联的。语速适中,词汇难度适中。


不管是听力还是口语,应该要多接触多种口音的人。如果你是英式发音或者美式发音中的其中一种,也要两者都要接触,熟悉多种发音只会有益无害。万一以考试听力碰到一个印度的呢?(逃


这款素材用精听的方式很适合(精听就没有不适合的材料

第一遍听的时候集中精力听内容,听两个人谈论的主题,重点是文中的关键词,这很重要。比如这篇主题是宠物如何导航回家,那么关键词肯定是宠物和导航。此文一般开头会以提问的方式来展开主题。


在听完第一遍之后就可以用之前精听的方式用小本本记笔记了。全文常速6分钟,但要精听的话会花费很长一段时间。

除此之外,BBC六分钟英语也可以当泛听教材,在下课或随时空闲的时候听,有点像讲故事。


但是切记任何素材不要把它打入泛听的冷宫,泛听可以帮你巩固但是如果单纯依靠泛听来提高听力的可能性微乎其微


如果不想去官网下载听力的,BBC六分钟英语有个同名APP,就是封面那张图,每日听听力签到,免费下载前5篇后,签到之后才有积分缓存听力。也是从另个角度激励你听听力啦。


这两天整理了超多的听力材料,下期见吧。


英语塔塔帮


Hello,我是塔塔。公众号会推送学习方法和资源。因为工作而且也想提高文章质量所以更新频率一周在3、4篇左右,不会断更嗒。欢迎分享帮助塔塔让公众号更好的运营下去哦!

我要推荐
转发到