四级听力之新闻素材哪里来

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楼主 2018-11-07 15:26:57
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今年四级的三篇新闻听力选材为社会生活/科技相关新闻,词汇不难,出题位置也走的是寻常路。

有可能造成不适的,只有大量的人名地名等名词。网络上现在出现的真题缺少卷面选项,所以无法判断是否考察词义替换等内容,这里只对文章进行简要分析。【真题来自网络】

TL;DR

1. 新闻第一句话基本为题点!不出意外都会出题;

2. 注意积累时事类词汇;

3. 注意文章中的比较级;

4. 新闻中经常出现大量人名地名,尝试用自己习惯的符号标记。


News report 1

A message in a bottle sent out to sea by a New Hampshire man more than five decades ago was found 1,500 miles away. And it has been returned to his daughter. A long-last message was discovered by Clint Buffington of Utah while he was vacationing. Buffington says he found a soda bottle half-buried in the sand that looked like it had been there since the beginning of time. The note inside the bottle said, ‘Return to 419 Ocean Street, and receive a reward of $150 from Richard and Tina Pierce, owners of a beachcomber motel.’ The motel was owned by the parents of Paula Piece in 1960. Her father had written the note as a joke and had thrown it into the Atlantic Ocean. Buffington flew to New Hampshire to deliver the message to Paula Piece. She held up to her father’s promise, giving Buffington that reward. But the biggest reward is the message in the bottle finding its way back home.

Question 1. What is the news report mainly about?

Question 2. Why did Paula Piece give Clint Buffington the reward?

原新闻地址:http://www.wmur.com/article/message-in-a-bottle-returned-to-nh-family-5-decades-later/7166445

这篇是2016年的新闻,原文见?链接。

答案位置见粗体下划线句子。文章里出现了较多地名和人名,但词汇使用上没有太难的。数字也出现了不少,有年代,金额等,单并未作为出题项。

第二题中,词组 hold up to one's promise 是判断选项的关键。相当于 keep one's promise,hold up 本身有 to do as was promised 的意思。

News report 2

Millions of bees have died in South Carolina during aerial insect spraying operations that were carried out to combat the Zika virus. The insect spraying over the weekends left more than 2 million bees dead on the spot in Dorchester County, South Carolina, where 4 travel-related cases of Zika disease have been confirmed in the area. Most of the deaths came from the Flowertown Bee Farm, a company in Summerville that sells bees and honey products. Juanita Stanley who owns the company said the farm looks like it’s been destroyed. The farm lost about 2.5 million bees. Dorchester County officials apologized for the accidental mass killing of bees. Dorchester County is aware that some bee keepers in the area that were sprayed on Sunday lost their bee colonies, county manager Jason Wars said in the statement, ‘I’m not pleased that so many bees were killed’. 

Question 3. Why was spraying operations carried out in Dorchester County?

Question 4. What does news report say about Flowertown Bee Farm?

原新闻地址:http://time.com/4477075/millions-of-bees-killed-in-south-carolina-during-mosquito-spraying-to-combat-zika/

这篇同样是2016年的新闻,地址在上方。答案位置见粗体下划线部分。

文中提到了寨卡病毒,英文写法 Zika virus。属于需要积累的时事类词汇。还出现了表达数量的数字,但没有作为出题项。

Q3的答案句中,aerial 可能是一个比较陌生的词,aeri-/aero-作为前缀在课本中都有出现,表示 of air or aircraft。另外 insect 虫子 + spray 喷洒 = 杀虫剂,combat 本身有打仗的意思,在这里指抗击病毒。

Q4的题点中,Bee Farm 后的同位语在听的过程中很容易被忽略掉,需要熟悉相关语法结构,尤其是能够表达解释说明的结构。这一题因为没有选项作为参照,题点只是根据问题猜测,下文也提到了 Farm 的状态,包括损失了多少?。

News report 3

The world’s largest aircraft has taken to the sky for the first time. The Airlander 10 spent nearly 2 hours in the air, having taken off from Cardington Airfield in Bedfordshire. During its flight, it reached 3,000 feet and performed a series of gentle turns all over a safe area. The aircraft isn’t massive as long as a football field and as tall as a 6 double-decker buses and capable of flying for up to 5 days. It was first developed for the US government as a long-wing spy aircraft. But it was abandoned following budget cutbacks. The aircraft costs 25 million pounds and can carry heavier loads than huge jet planes while also producing less noise and emitting less pollution. The makers believe it’s the future of aircraft, and one day we’ll be using them to go places. But there’s still a long way to go. The Airlander will need to have 200 hours flying time before being allowed to fly by the aviation administration. If it passes through, we can hope we’ll all get some extra leg room.

Question 5. What do we learn about the first flight of the Airlander 10?

Question 6. What caused the US government to abandon the Airlander 10 as a spy aircraft?

Question 7. What is the advantage of Airlander 10 over huge jet planes?

原新闻地址:https://www.newsinlevels.com/products/largest-aircraft-in-the-world-level-3/#

又又是2016年的新闻,讲到了一个最新的飞行器,算是与科技相关。文章中出现了地名,数字(包括时间和高度)等。

第一句仍是Q5的题点,但是真正的出题内容应该在文章的第二句中,即对第一句的具体解释,这个叫做 Airlander 10 的飞行器第一次飞行的概况。

Q6-7题的信息比较紧凑。其中6的题点中,有考到对转折词的敏感度,前句中有 first 作为提示词,后半句 but 后的内容为题目的答案点。【budget 预算 cutback 削减】而7则考到了事物的对比,连用了两处比较级。

今年四六级的翻译还是比较出人意料的,2016.12以及2017年的两次考试都考了文化地理相关的主题。今年四级翻译主题:飞机/公交/地铁;六级翻译主题:汽车/自行车/高铁,都是跟社会生活中的交通有关。

这些内容常关注时事新闻都可以积累到相关词汇,再次推荐给大家‘中国日报双语新闻’(ID:chinadaily_mobile),内容轻松又兼具时效性权威性。

YOU SHALL ALL PASS ! ?

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